Session

Sustainabile Urban Development, Architecture and Environment

Description

Various types of structures were assessed after an earthquake that struck Gjilan on April 24th 2002 with a purpose of identifying seismic deficiencies that might impact the general stability of the buildings located within the downtown City. The overall seismic performance goal identified by our team for these buildings is life safety. To achieve this goal, partial collapse of structure and/or of any cladding element that could result in a life safety concern should be prevented during a major earthquake. The largest issue identified is the unreinforced or inadequately reinforced brick masonry construction and those combined with skeletal, particularly buildings with soft ground stories all located along and at both sides of the main avenue. Based on our study, recommendations were given in whether saving some of the building would be feasible, since any attempt on this, especially for those constructed after the Second World War, would be costly. The newer one, (i.e. those constructed after the mid 1970’s) should easily perform at a life safety level and meet the local performance goals). Earthquake forces are generated by the inertia of buildings as they tend to respond to ground motion. There are attempts by engineers to simply consider earthquakes as equivalent static forces and mitigating in this way the earthquake response. Such practices should be avoided as much as possible in the nowadays design practices.

Keywords:

earthquake, building damage, seismic performance

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi & Mo Vaziri

First Page

187

Last Page

194

Location

Prishtina, Kosovo

Start Date

2-11-2012 9:00 AM

End Date

3-11-2012 5:00 PM

DOI

https://doi.org/10.33107/ubt-ic.2012.18

Included in

Architecture Commons

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Nov 2nd, 9:00 AM Nov 3rd, 5:00 PM

After Earthquake Damage and Behavior of Buildings in Gjilan Region

Prishtina, Kosovo

Various types of structures were assessed after an earthquake that struck Gjilan on April 24th 2002 with a purpose of identifying seismic deficiencies that might impact the general stability of the buildings located within the downtown City. The overall seismic performance goal identified by our team for these buildings is life safety. To achieve this goal, partial collapse of structure and/or of any cladding element that could result in a life safety concern should be prevented during a major earthquake. The largest issue identified is the unreinforced or inadequately reinforced brick masonry construction and those combined with skeletal, particularly buildings with soft ground stories all located along and at both sides of the main avenue. Based on our study, recommendations were given in whether saving some of the building would be feasible, since any attempt on this, especially for those constructed after the Second World War, would be costly. The newer one, (i.e. those constructed after the mid 1970’s) should easily perform at a life safety level and meet the local performance goals). Earthquake forces are generated by the inertia of buildings as they tend to respond to ground motion. There are attempts by engineers to simply consider earthquakes as equivalent static forces and mitigating in this way the earthquake response. Such practices should be avoided as much as possible in the nowadays design practices.