Session

Political Science

Description

The problem of the protection of minorities was raised as an issue in the Treaty of Versailles, completed at the end of the war by the major Allied powers. The Allies had imposed certain obligations on the treatment of minorities to such states that had them in their territories. They also forecasted a trusted international organization with universal character, the League of Nations, the mission to ensure the protection of European minorities. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall and communist regimes, Europe was a witness nationalism outbreak. Whole regions were covered with ethnic conflicts which were a serious threat to the stability and unity of Europe. Today, each in its field of responsibility, the OSCE, the Council of Europe, the European Union, are coordinating their efforts to develop a coherent system for the protection of national minorities. So, protection of minorities is an important factor for the stability and unity of Europe. Western Balkan aspirant countries are a multi-ethnic society. The latest international analyses on guide us to the fact that some Western Balkan countries aspiring of becoming EU members, judging by the EC progress, lag in the implementation of the part of the Copenhagen p olitical criteria that deals with respecting of minority rights. As it is well-known human rights and minorities remain an objective of the European Union in its foreign policy. European Union at the beginning of XXI century has been committed with multiple projects to stability and economic development in cooperation between the countries of the region. In the study , “Minority Rights in the Eastern Balkans”, 2008 made for the needs of the European Parliament, in the case of Serbia, 12,5% are presented as non-Serb population, but not the percentage of the Albanian minority in due to the lack of data. Therefore, a study on the Albanian national minority in Serbia it is more than necessary. The purpose of this paper is to present the issue to minorities in the Balkans in the historic plane. In this paper will be presented to political positions, economic, educational and minorities in general in the Balkans. It will become a comparative analysis between the position of minorities in different historical periods and in different regimes. International agreements will be analyzed dealing with the Balkan states and peoples, respectively, will address the issue of protection of minorities in these agreements. The results from this research will contribute to shed light on the protection of minorities in the Balkan level. The research was conducted analysis methods and relevant materials.

Keywords:

minority, the constitution, the law on minorities, the education law

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-550-11-6

First Page

78

Last Page

87

Location

Durres, Albania

Start Date

7-11-2015 9:00 AM

End Date

7-11-2015 5:00 PM

Share

COinS
 
Nov 7th, 9:00 AM Nov 7th, 5:00 PM

The issue of minorities in the Balkans

Durres, Albania

The problem of the protection of minorities was raised as an issue in the Treaty of Versailles, completed at the end of the war by the major Allied powers. The Allies had imposed certain obligations on the treatment of minorities to such states that had them in their territories. They also forecasted a trusted international organization with universal character, the League of Nations, the mission to ensure the protection of European minorities. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall and communist regimes, Europe was a witness nationalism outbreak. Whole regions were covered with ethnic conflicts which were a serious threat to the stability and unity of Europe. Today, each in its field of responsibility, the OSCE, the Council of Europe, the European Union, are coordinating their efforts to develop a coherent system for the protection of national minorities. So, protection of minorities is an important factor for the stability and unity of Europe. Western Balkan aspirant countries are a multi-ethnic society. The latest international analyses on guide us to the fact that some Western Balkan countries aspiring of becoming EU members, judging by the EC progress, lag in the implementation of the part of the Copenhagen p olitical criteria that deals with respecting of minority rights. As it is well-known human rights and minorities remain an objective of the European Union in its foreign policy. European Union at the beginning of XXI century has been committed with multiple projects to stability and economic development in cooperation between the countries of the region. In the study , “Minority Rights in the Eastern Balkans”, 2008 made for the needs of the European Parliament, in the case of Serbia, 12,5% are presented as non-Serb population, but not the percentage of the Albanian minority in due to the lack of data. Therefore, a study on the Albanian national minority in Serbia it is more than necessary. The purpose of this paper is to present the issue to minorities in the Balkans in the historic plane. In this paper will be presented to political positions, economic, educational and minorities in general in the Balkans. It will become a comparative analysis between the position of minorities in different historical periods and in different regimes. International agreements will be analyzed dealing with the Balkan states and peoples, respectively, will address the issue of protection of minorities in these agreements. The results from this research will contribute to shed light on the protection of minorities in the Balkan level. The research was conducted analysis methods and relevant materials.