Event Title

Prevalence of caries on elementary school children in the city of Durrës and their related risk factors

Session

Medical, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Description

Caries on elementary school children, is a severe form of dental decay, very spread and with multi-factorial origin. Caries in children is considered as a serious public health problem as it is a complex disease of primary and permanent dentition, which relay serious socio-behavioral issues that afflict mainly the infants and toddlers (Postme TC. et al. 2008). If left untreated, the main effects are pain, compromised chewing ability, malocclusion, phonetic problems and lower self-esteem (Casamassimo PS. et al. 2009). The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and related risk factors of caries, among children of elementary school in city of Durrës. A sample size of 600 elementary school children between 6–12 years of age was randomly selected from rural and urban areas of Durrës and decayed, missing and filled teeth indices were recorded. A standardized questionnaire about children oral habits, was distributed to the parents and filled by them. Data gathered were elaborated through SPSS 17.0 and statistically analyzed with Chi-square test. Prevalence of caries on elementary school children, in the study sample was found to be 62%. The prevalence reported varies on rural and urban areas, where the urban ones, had a lower percentage. The study has showed a positive correlation between caries on children of elementary school and age of the child, location of residence, dietary habits and oral hygiene. There is an urgent need to implement preventive and curative oral health programs for elementary school children mostly in rural areas school of Durrës and also a need to educate parents on the right oral habits and the dental treatments their children need.

Keywords:

elementary school children, caries, oral hygiene habit, prevalence, Durrës

Session Chair

Burim Kiseri

Session Co-Chair

Vjosa Hamiti Krasniqi

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-437-54-7

Location

Durres, Albania

Start Date

28-10-2017 4:00 PM

End Date

28-10-2017 5:30 PM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2017.308

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
Oct 28th, 4:00 PM Oct 28th, 5:30 PM

Prevalence of caries on elementary school children in the city of Durrës and their related risk factors

Durres, Albania

Caries on elementary school children, is a severe form of dental decay, very spread and with multi-factorial origin. Caries in children is considered as a serious public health problem as it is a complex disease of primary and permanent dentition, which relay serious socio-behavioral issues that afflict mainly the infants and toddlers (Postme TC. et al. 2008). If left untreated, the main effects are pain, compromised chewing ability, malocclusion, phonetic problems and lower self-esteem (Casamassimo PS. et al. 2009). The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and related risk factors of caries, among children of elementary school in city of Durrës. A sample size of 600 elementary school children between 6–12 years of age was randomly selected from rural and urban areas of Durrës and decayed, missing and filled teeth indices were recorded. A standardized questionnaire about children oral habits, was distributed to the parents and filled by them. Data gathered were elaborated through SPSS 17.0 and statistically analyzed with Chi-square test. Prevalence of caries on elementary school children, in the study sample was found to be 62%. The prevalence reported varies on rural and urban areas, where the urban ones, had a lower percentage. The study has showed a positive correlation between caries on children of elementary school and age of the child, location of residence, dietary habits and oral hygiene. There is an urgent need to implement preventive and curative oral health programs for elementary school children mostly in rural areas school of Durrës and also a need to educate parents on the right oral habits and the dental treatments their children need.