Event Title

The Developments in education during the Skanderbeg period

Session

Education and Development

Description

The Skanderbeg period came at the time of the great social changes, of humanism and of the Renaissance, which departed to the other side of the Adriatic, with which our country had continuous communication. This period coincides with the formation of Albanian principals and their need to create princely administrations. Arber Territories had a high level of time in educational development, seen with the large number of educated people who served as clerics, notaries, interpreters, and even private teachers. Some of these educated people served in the developed republics of Venice and Ragusa and in other places in Italy and Dalmatia. The Albanian nobility communicated equally in various cultural areas and it is not explained by anything more than the presence of Greek, Italian and Latin multilingual chancellors. The officials of Skenderbeg’s Court as Pal Engjelli, Dhimiter Frangu, etc. had a high level of education. Skanderbeg carried diplomatic missions in the courts of Europe by his trusted clerics like Gazulli brothers, Gjergj Pelini, Pjetër Duka. One of Skanderbeg's main advisers, Archbishop of Durrës, Pal Engjëlli is known as the author of the original written text of the Albanian language, the Baptismal Formula held in 1462. This script of the Albanian language may be a continuation of an earlier tradition. The Missal about ninety years later testifies a consolidated tradition of the Albanian education. There is evidence that Skanderbeg himself wrote in Albanian. On the other hand, in this period in Albanian and foreign lands such as Dalmatia, Italy etc. there were many Albanian clerics who had completed completely or partly their studies in their own country. When the Ottoman invasion did the impossible, the flourishing of humanist culture in the country, a part of the Albanian intelligentsia that emigrated abroad, developed its activity in foreign lands, where were distinguished personalities like Marin Segoni (? -1485), Marin Barleci (1458-1512) and Marin Bechikemi (1468-1526), Leonik Tomeu (1456-1531), Mikel Maruli (15th century) , Maksim Artioti (1480-1556) in various fields of science, art and philosophy. This shows that the education in Albanian lands, even in the 15th century, was developed. The writing of the Albanian language marks the beginning of the separation of Albanians from the use of the dominant languages of the time. From what we know, we understand that the Albanian language expanded the sphere of its use in the religious sphere (The Baptismal Formula 1462; The Missal of Gjon Buzuku 1555), and continued with the creation of Albanian books that preceded the first Albanian schools.

Keywords:

Gjergj Kastriot-Skanderbeg;church orders, cleric, education, The Baptismal Formula

Session Chair

Silvishah Miftari Goodspeed

Session Co-Chair

Halil Bashota

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-437-69-1

Location

Pristina, Kosovo

Start Date

27-10-2018 1:30 PM

End Date

27-10-2018 3:00 PM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2018.136

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Oct 27th, 1:30 PM Oct 27th, 3:00 PM

The Developments in education during the Skanderbeg period

Pristina, Kosovo

The Skanderbeg period came at the time of the great social changes, of humanism and of the Renaissance, which departed to the other side of the Adriatic, with which our country had continuous communication. This period coincides with the formation of Albanian principals and their need to create princely administrations. Arber Territories had a high level of time in educational development, seen with the large number of educated people who served as clerics, notaries, interpreters, and even private teachers. Some of these educated people served in the developed republics of Venice and Ragusa and in other places in Italy and Dalmatia. The Albanian nobility communicated equally in various cultural areas and it is not explained by anything more than the presence of Greek, Italian and Latin multilingual chancellors. The officials of Skenderbeg’s Court as Pal Engjelli, Dhimiter Frangu, etc. had a high level of education. Skanderbeg carried diplomatic missions in the courts of Europe by his trusted clerics like Gazulli brothers, Gjergj Pelini, Pjetër Duka. One of Skanderbeg's main advisers, Archbishop of Durrës, Pal Engjëlli is known as the author of the original written text of the Albanian language, the Baptismal Formula held in 1462. This script of the Albanian language may be a continuation of an earlier tradition. The Missal about ninety years later testifies a consolidated tradition of the Albanian education. There is evidence that Skanderbeg himself wrote in Albanian. On the other hand, in this period in Albanian and foreign lands such as Dalmatia, Italy etc. there were many Albanian clerics who had completed completely or partly their studies in their own country. When the Ottoman invasion did the impossible, the flourishing of humanist culture in the country, a part of the Albanian intelligentsia that emigrated abroad, developed its activity in foreign lands, where were distinguished personalities like Marin Segoni (? -1485), Marin Barleci (1458-1512) and Marin Bechikemi (1468-1526), Leonik Tomeu (1456-1531), Mikel Maruli (15th century) , Maksim Artioti (1480-1556) in various fields of science, art and philosophy. This shows that the education in Albanian lands, even in the 15th century, was developed. The writing of the Albanian language marks the beginning of the separation of Albanians from the use of the dominant languages of the time. From what we know, we understand that the Albanian language expanded the sphere of its use in the religious sphere (The Baptismal Formula 1462; The Missal of Gjon Buzuku 1555), and continued with the creation of Albanian books that preceded the first Albanian schools.