Event Title

Change of Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance in Children with Acute Gastroenteritis

Session

Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Description

Gastrotheritis is inflammation (redness, irritation) of the stomach and intestines. Gastroenteritis - which literally means an inflammation of the stomach (gastrointestinal tract) and bowel (viral gastroenteritis, often called the stomach flu, or whatever you call it in medical terms, all fall down for one thing - entero) that usually makes its known condition in the form of vomiting and / or diarrhea. The purpose of the study is to compare electrolyte parameters (Na+, K+, Ca2+), HCO3, pH, and pCO2 in children with acute gastroenteritis before treatment and after treatment with the applied therapy. The study included 30 examined. The biochemical parameters of these children with acute gastroenteritis before and after therapy have been analyzed. The children included in the study belong to the ages of 2 months to 8 years, of which 15 females and 15 males. Out of these children, 26 children live in Kosovo, 3 in Germany and one in the US. All these patients, after clinical processing at the Pediatric Clinic in gastroenterology in Prishtina, conducted laboratory tests at the Biochemistry Institute in Prishtina. The level of electrolytes, Na+, K+, Ca2+ ionized, as well as pH, HCO3, and pCO2 is determined. The aforementioned tests were performed immediately after the blood was taken. Blood was taken from the vein with VACUTEST KIMA with additional heparin 48UI anticoagulant. Although there is a tendency to decrease the mean levels of indicators hematologists in acute gastroenteritis participants, after adequate therapy, statistically different differences have been observed in some statistical parameters, while in others there is no difference in reliability. Based on the results presented and the conclusion of this paper we may suggest that the most important option for preventing complications that may occur in acute gastroenteritis such as dehydration or hyperhydration from uncontrolled delivery and dissolution is the follow up of the level electrolytes and acidobazic status. According to this study we can conclude that children have been treated with appropriate therapy.

Keywords:

gastroenteritis, pH, HCO3, pCO2, Na+, K+, Ca2+.

Session Chair

Shpend Dragusha

Session Co-Chair

Valon Ejupi

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-437-69-1

Location

Pristina, Kosovo

Start Date

27-10-2018 3:15 PM

End Date

27-10-2018 4:45 PM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2018.351

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Oct 27th, 3:15 PM Oct 27th, 4:45 PM

Change of Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance in Children with Acute Gastroenteritis

Pristina, Kosovo

Gastrotheritis is inflammation (redness, irritation) of the stomach and intestines. Gastroenteritis - which literally means an inflammation of the stomach (gastrointestinal tract) and bowel (viral gastroenteritis, often called the stomach flu, or whatever you call it in medical terms, all fall down for one thing - entero) that usually makes its known condition in the form of vomiting and / or diarrhea. The purpose of the study is to compare electrolyte parameters (Na+, K+, Ca2+), HCO3, pH, and pCO2 in children with acute gastroenteritis before treatment and after treatment with the applied therapy. The study included 30 examined. The biochemical parameters of these children with acute gastroenteritis before and after therapy have been analyzed. The children included in the study belong to the ages of 2 months to 8 years, of which 15 females and 15 males. Out of these children, 26 children live in Kosovo, 3 in Germany and one in the US. All these patients, after clinical processing at the Pediatric Clinic in gastroenterology in Prishtina, conducted laboratory tests at the Biochemistry Institute in Prishtina. The level of electrolytes, Na+, K+, Ca2+ ionized, as well as pH, HCO3, and pCO2 is determined. The aforementioned tests were performed immediately after the blood was taken. Blood was taken from the vein with VACUTEST KIMA with additional heparin 48UI anticoagulant. Although there is a tendency to decrease the mean levels of indicators hematologists in acute gastroenteritis participants, after adequate therapy, statistically different differences have been observed in some statistical parameters, while in others there is no difference in reliability. Based on the results presented and the conclusion of this paper we may suggest that the most important option for preventing complications that may occur in acute gastroenteritis such as dehydration or hyperhydration from uncontrolled delivery and dissolution is the follow up of the level electrolytes and acidobazic status. According to this study we can conclude that children have been treated with appropriate therapy.