Event Title

The Role of the Dental Plaque Streptococci Level in the Prevalence of Caries in Children

Session

Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Description

The oral cavity contains the greatest variation of micro flora of the whole human body. Bacterial plaque represents a colony of bacteria attached tightly to the surface of the tooth, in which viridans group of streptococci (VGS) represents the biggest population. The majority of oral cavity diseases including caries (which is most frequent microbial diseases of human), starts from dental plaque. The purpose of the study was to determine the level of dental plaque streptococci in the correlation with oral hygiene and to examine the association between them and the caries prevalence in children. The children included in this research (n=90) were of both genders, age 6 to 15 years from Kosova. The study was carried out in the, Department of Pediatric Dentistry in Kosovo in cooperation with the Microbiologic Department. The children were clinically examined and divided into the two groups: caries-free (n=18) and caries lesions (n=72). The classification in these two groups was done based on the new method of determining the dental status:”International Caries Detection and Assessment System”- (ICDAS) index. The evaluation of oral hygiene was done according to Greene-Vermillion OHI-index while the level of streptococci was detrmined in the Microbiologic Department and expressed by CFU/ml (colony-forming-units). The correlation between oral hygiene index and level of dental plaque streptococci was found for both groups: caries-free and caries lesions (P<0.01). A singificantly higher level of streptococci in dental plaque was observed in group of children with caries lesions (19.7%, CFU>10 5; 54.6%, CFU=10 4-5), compered to children of caries free group (12.5%, CFU>10 5; 37.5%, CFU=10 4-5; ), (P>0.05). These results suport the evidence of the association between caries prevalence and the level of streptococci of dental plaque.

Keywords:

streptococci, dental plaque, caries

Session Chair

Merita Barani

Session Co-Chair

Burim Kiseri

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-437-69-1

Location

Pristina, Kosovo

Start Date

27-10-2018 1:30 PM

End Date

27-10-2018 3:00 PM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2018.382

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Oct 27th, 1:30 PM Oct 27th, 3:00 PM

The Role of the Dental Plaque Streptococci Level in the Prevalence of Caries in Children

Pristina, Kosovo

The oral cavity contains the greatest variation of micro flora of the whole human body. Bacterial plaque represents a colony of bacteria attached tightly to the surface of the tooth, in which viridans group of streptococci (VGS) represents the biggest population. The majority of oral cavity diseases including caries (which is most frequent microbial diseases of human), starts from dental plaque. The purpose of the study was to determine the level of dental plaque streptococci in the correlation with oral hygiene and to examine the association between them and the caries prevalence in children. The children included in this research (n=90) were of both genders, age 6 to 15 years from Kosova. The study was carried out in the, Department of Pediatric Dentistry in Kosovo in cooperation with the Microbiologic Department. The children were clinically examined and divided into the two groups: caries-free (n=18) and caries lesions (n=72). The classification in these two groups was done based on the new method of determining the dental status:”International Caries Detection and Assessment System”- (ICDAS) index. The evaluation of oral hygiene was done according to Greene-Vermillion OHI-index while the level of streptococci was detrmined in the Microbiologic Department and expressed by CFU/ml (colony-forming-units). The correlation between oral hygiene index and level of dental plaque streptococci was found for both groups: caries-free and caries lesions (P<0.01). A singificantly higher level of streptococci in dental plaque was observed in group of children with caries lesions (19.7%, CFU>10 5; 54.6%, CFU=10 4-5), compered to children of caries free group (12.5%, CFU>10 5; 37.5%, CFU=10 4-5; ), (P>0.05). These results suport the evidence of the association between caries prevalence and the level of streptococci of dental plaque.