Event Title

Non-institutional conditions of effective consociational democracy

Session

Political Science

Description

The motive for my work is to try to study the topic of the institutional setting of an effective consociational democracy that is beyond the institutional conditions of consociation. Above all, it is the tradition and the political culture. A very important factor is the collective memory between the groups - whether it is relatively peaceful or relatively conflicting. Namely, the relative peace-loving tradition more easily and quickly accepts and supports consociational institutions. This element of political culture is supplemented by the second part - the element of responsible political elites that understand the consociation as appropriate to tradition, first of all to its people, and then to others. But this element is rare to be found and created. Much easier, the political elites slide in the opposite direction - towards ethno-nationalism and conflict. The second group of non-institutional conditions of consociation refers to the openness of such societies. In theory, it is very important for such societies to be open towards establishment and application of international standards for human rights and freedoms and to be open towards integration into security and political - economic organizations and associations on a regional and international level. The first element for states with multicultural democracy is to be open towards debate and monitoring, observation, control by inter - expert groups of a different nature, which implies the presence of the international factor. It is actually a rule - "legality" and not an anomaly or weakness. It is "legality" because of the accumulated and irrational mistrust; because of the ethnic resentment (fear, hatred) between the groups and because of the need for a mediator - the third factor in which the groups trust. The last element for stable consociation (not least important) is the relative rapid integration into security, political - economic regional and wider international organizations and associations. Consociational democracies require security arrangements and economic security and prosperity, , hence with membership in regional and international organizations and associations, the debate calms down, stabilizes, and thus achieves a special level of relaxation inside the society itself.

Keywords:

Consociation, non-institutional conditions, tradition, political culture

Session Chair

Islam Lauka

Session Co-Chair

Belul Beqaj & Alfred Marleku

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-437-69-1

Location

Pristina, Kosovo

Start Date

27-10-2018 5:00 PM

End Date

27-10-2018 6:30 PM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2018.402

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Oct 27th, 5:00 PM Oct 27th, 6:30 PM

Non-institutional conditions of effective consociational democracy

Pristina, Kosovo

The motive for my work is to try to study the topic of the institutional setting of an effective consociational democracy that is beyond the institutional conditions of consociation. Above all, it is the tradition and the political culture. A very important factor is the collective memory between the groups - whether it is relatively peaceful or relatively conflicting. Namely, the relative peace-loving tradition more easily and quickly accepts and supports consociational institutions. This element of political culture is supplemented by the second part - the element of responsible political elites that understand the consociation as appropriate to tradition, first of all to its people, and then to others. But this element is rare to be found and created. Much easier, the political elites slide in the opposite direction - towards ethno-nationalism and conflict. The second group of non-institutional conditions of consociation refers to the openness of such societies. In theory, it is very important for such societies to be open towards establishment and application of international standards for human rights and freedoms and to be open towards integration into security and political - economic organizations and associations on a regional and international level. The first element for states with multicultural democracy is to be open towards debate and monitoring, observation, control by inter - expert groups of a different nature, which implies the presence of the international factor. It is actually a rule - "legality" and not an anomaly or weakness. It is "legality" because of the accumulated and irrational mistrust; because of the ethnic resentment (fear, hatred) between the groups and because of the need for a mediator - the third factor in which the groups trust. The last element for stable consociation (not least important) is the relative rapid integration into security, political - economic regional and wider international organizations and associations. Consociational democracies require security arrangements and economic security and prosperity, , hence with membership in regional and international organizations and associations, the debate calms down, stabilizes, and thus achieves a special level of relaxation inside the society itself.