Event Title

The importance of illegal press in Kosovo towards the political awareness of Albanians during the years 1945- 1997

Session

Journalism, Media and Communication

Description

Among the important factors that directly contributed to the general social awareness is the revolutionization of the press as a means of communication. This process started very early, but in the form we know today, it dates since the time of the establishment of democratic systems when the industrial revolution had massive printing of books, newspapers, magazines, posters and others. So, it is about the nineteenth century, the time when the unequal development of capitalist relations created the need for cultural homogenization, which then led to the creation of nations, or the concept of the nation as a principle of modern political organization. In this process, the press has played an irreplaceable role in conceiving the unique national consciousness. We can say that the press became a necessity of national movements through which have spread the common culture, tradition and language. Such was the role of the press among Albanians in this period, which through various forms has influenced the formation of the Albanian national identity. The Albanian National Movement or as it was otherwise known the National Renaissance aimed at preserving the national territory through the development of national culture, with special emphasis on the common language as a link between different provincial groups. Thus, the printing of various books, newspapers, magazines and posters came from the writers of the National Renaissance who circulated illegally in the Albanian territories and aimed at making a nationwide awareness of the territories and a united Albanian state. Similar was the role of the Albanian press in Kosovo after the occupation of part of the Albanian territories by the former Yugoslavia. The Albanian press in Kosovo and in all occupied Albanian territories is characterized with addressing of the problems of political and ethnic nature by Albanians in the former Yugoslavia. Numerous newspapers, magazines, posters and materials in this period were published completely illegally by the Albanian illegal organizations of the time that operated mainly in the national spirit. In this paper a special focus will be on the illegal press in Kosovo in the period of 1945-1997, specifically their thoughts and attitudes in the patriotic education of the Albanian citizen under occupation. In this period, the illegal press massively propagated the need for national resistance for the liberation of Albanian lands, constantly bringing back the glorious Albanian national narration from the different historical periods. An important objective of this research will be the national spirit of addressing the problems that Albanians were preoccupied with, namely the ideo-political nature of illegal organizations, their political goals and other activities that were propagated through the press of the time in the conditions of occupation and oppression state. The violent activity, genocide and systematic discrimination of the Yugoslav state against the Albanians who were constantly treated in the illegal press of the time will also be analyzed. Thus, it will be addressed the importance of information-mass media in the political awareness of Albanians in the realization of the idea of freedom and the solution of the Albanian national issue.

Keywords:

Illegal press, political awareness, national spirit, political propaganda, Albanian national issue.

Session Chair

Ferid Selimi

Session Co-Chair

Mimoza Hasani

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-437-96-7

Location

Lipjan, Kosovo

Start Date

31-10-2020 10:45 AM

End Date

31-10-2020 12:15 PM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2020.358

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Oct 31st, 10:45 AM Oct 31st, 12:15 PM

The importance of illegal press in Kosovo towards the political awareness of Albanians during the years 1945- 1997

Lipjan, Kosovo

Among the important factors that directly contributed to the general social awareness is the revolutionization of the press as a means of communication. This process started very early, but in the form we know today, it dates since the time of the establishment of democratic systems when the industrial revolution had massive printing of books, newspapers, magazines, posters and others. So, it is about the nineteenth century, the time when the unequal development of capitalist relations created the need for cultural homogenization, which then led to the creation of nations, or the concept of the nation as a principle of modern political organization. In this process, the press has played an irreplaceable role in conceiving the unique national consciousness. We can say that the press became a necessity of national movements through which have spread the common culture, tradition and language. Such was the role of the press among Albanians in this period, which through various forms has influenced the formation of the Albanian national identity. The Albanian National Movement or as it was otherwise known the National Renaissance aimed at preserving the national territory through the development of national culture, with special emphasis on the common language as a link between different provincial groups. Thus, the printing of various books, newspapers, magazines and posters came from the writers of the National Renaissance who circulated illegally in the Albanian territories and aimed at making a nationwide awareness of the territories and a united Albanian state. Similar was the role of the Albanian press in Kosovo after the occupation of part of the Albanian territories by the former Yugoslavia. The Albanian press in Kosovo and in all occupied Albanian territories is characterized with addressing of the problems of political and ethnic nature by Albanians in the former Yugoslavia. Numerous newspapers, magazines, posters and materials in this period were published completely illegally by the Albanian illegal organizations of the time that operated mainly in the national spirit. In this paper a special focus will be on the illegal press in Kosovo in the period of 1945-1997, specifically their thoughts and attitudes in the patriotic education of the Albanian citizen under occupation. In this period, the illegal press massively propagated the need for national resistance for the liberation of Albanian lands, constantly bringing back the glorious Albanian national narration from the different historical periods. An important objective of this research will be the national spirit of addressing the problems that Albanians were preoccupied with, namely the ideo-political nature of illegal organizations, their political goals and other activities that were propagated through the press of the time in the conditions of occupation and oppression state. The violent activity, genocide and systematic discrimination of the Yugoslav state against the Albanians who were constantly treated in the illegal press of the time will also be analyzed. Thus, it will be addressed the importance of information-mass media in the political awareness of Albanians in the realization of the idea of freedom and the solution of the Albanian national issue.