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2020
Saturday, October 31st
9:00 AM

Covid-19 morbidity, risk and management in qkmf-istog (june)

Fatlume Arifaj, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Lumturije Sadikaj Arifaj, Main Family Medicine Center in Istog

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

The COVID‑19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2). The outbreak was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The World Health Organization declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020 and a pandemic on 11 March. As of 30 August 2020, more than 25 million cases of COVID‑19 have been reported in more than 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 843,000 deaths; more than 16.4 million people have recovered.Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify the number of infected in the municipality of Istog in June and review the world literature for this new virus.Material and Methods: For the compilation of this paper primary secondary data were used, within these data were included the data that we used to understand the theoretical aspect of COVID-1. Numerical data are provided by IPH Peja and from the Main Family Medicine Center in Istog. The information was obtained from the book of protocols with the approval of the Health Directorate in Istog.Results: From the data provided in the period of June in the municipality of Istog have resulted positive with Corona virus 14 people, of which 8 females (57.1%) and 6 males (42.9%). Of these persons 2 (14.28%) were with years of birth from 1950-1970; 3 (21.42%) have been with years of birth from 1970-1990; 4 (28.57%) were with years of birth from 1990-2010 while 5 (35.71%) were with years of birth from 2010-2020.Discussion: Based on national and international data, it is noticed that this new virus does not save either age or gender. However, the most affected are the advanced ages and unfortunately the most advanced age groups often end up with fatalities. Children are less affected, but this does not mean that they are not passive carriers.Conclusion: This virus is already among us and we must begin to adapt to its presence until the vaccine is discovered. To continue to adhere to the preventive measures guided by the NIPH, to save ourselves and others.Recommendation: It is recommended to strictly follow the instructions of the NIPHK such as: wearing masks (obligatory), physical distancing and personal hygiene. Guidance and awareness campaigns are recommended for all citizens, both live and on television, free distribution of protective masks and disinfectants. It is recommended the establishment of a Balkan regional coordination center, adequate monitoring of positive cases and adequate guidance of the healed persons how to continue the daily postcovid activity.

Incidence reproductive menstrual disorders and gaccthorea hyperprolactinemia

Ramadan Decaj, "Regional Hospital"-Peja
Skender Dreshaj, "Regional Hospital"-Peja
Hamdi Ramadani, "Regional Hospital"-Peja
Samoni Loxha, "Regional Hospital"-Peja

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Hyperprolactinemia is endocrinology disorder of the hypothalamus-pituitary axis- gonade which manifests with high reproductive menstrual disorders and infertility.The purpose of the paper:The purpose of the paper was to analyze the incidence of menstrual reproductive disorders (amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, polimenorrhea) and galacthorrhea in to hyperprolactinemia. Material and methodsThe study included 125 patients. In group N (with hyperprolactinemia) included 35 women with menstrual disorders, galactorrhea and infertility. In group K (with normoprolactinemia) included 90 women with menstrual disorders, galactorrhea and infertility. Results:The incidence of hyperprolactinemia N group was 28% (hyperprolactinemia = 44.77ng/ml) compared with group K with 72 % incidence (Hyperprolactinemia=8.83 ng/ml), which is statistical significance p<0.0001. Amanorrhea incidence N group was 25.71 % (prolactenemia=74.49ng/ml) compared to group amanorrhea K values 5.56 % and frequency prolactenemia 14.22ng/ml is with statistical significance p <0.0001. Oligomenorrhea incidence N group was 20% compared with the incidence of oligomenorrhea K groups with 7.78 % incidence. Polimenorrhea N group is presented with 11.43% incidence compared with the group K with 3.33 % incidence. Galactorrhea shown incidence 34.29% (prolactinemia =64.49ng/ml) N group compared to the values of K group with the incidence of 3.33% and (prolactenemia =15.06 ng/ml) that is with statistical signifikanc p <0.0001. Statistical analyses are made through the paired t-test and unpaired t- test. Conclusion Menstrual disorders fertility (amenorrhea, oligomenorhea, polimenorrhea) and galactorrhea are measured with high incidence and statistical signifikance hyperprolactinemia compared with control group (normoprolactinemia).

Level of prolactin and progesterone at normal pregnancy

Ramadan Dacaj, Regional Hosptial Peja
Skender Dreshaj, Regional Hosptial Peja
Hamdi Ramadani, Regional Hosptial Peja
Samoni Loxha, Regional Hosptial Peja

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

The aim of this study was to discuss the level of progesterone and prolactin during the development of normal pregnancy and determine the report of progesterone and prolactine level with pregnant women and non-pregnant women. Material and methods: In this study are included 60 women with normal pregnancy (group N) and 60 non-pregnant women (groups S). In both groups blood samples were taken from cubital veins and determination of progesterone and prolactin concentration. Group N (n=60) was selected in prospective way by eliminating from the study all the patients with pregnancy pathology. Group S (n=60) was selected in prospective way by eliminating from the study the pathology of endocrine system. Results: First results showed that the level of progesterone in significant way is raised during the pregnancy (t=t=2.589, P=0.0406 p< 0.05). Prolactin is raised in significant way during the development of pregnancy. (t=3.174, p 0.0252, p<0.05 ). While comparing the progesterone values with pregnant and non-pregnant women, we have ascertained that the level of progesterone in significant way was higher with pregnant women (q=10.707, p<0.001). While comparing the prolactin values with pregnant and non-pregnant women, we have ascertained that the level of prolactin in significant way was higher with pregnant women (q=11.451, P < 0.001). Discussion: The level of progesterone is raised due to development of placenta during pregnancy and increase of fetal area of suprarenal gland of fetus. The level of prolactin during pregnancy is raised due to effective stimulated placental steroids, estrogens, and rilizing tiretrop hormone in hypothalamus on one side and due to presence of prolactin decidul during pregnancy. Conclude: We conclude that the level of prolactin and progesterone is raised in significant way during the development of pregnancy. The values of progesterone and prolactin at pregnancy are raised in significant way comparing with non-pregnant women.

Number of children inhaled during the last 6 months of 2018 in the primary health level of the city of bujanovac and the most prescribed drug as an inhaler

Ermira Adili, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Linda Carkaxhiu, Family Doctor in Family Medicine Centre-Gjilan, Kosovo

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Background: Inhalation therapies have found use many centuries ago, but their popularity in recent years has become one of the most controversial medical debates. Aims and objectives: The purpose of this scientific paper was to see how many children were inhaled during the last 6 months of 2018 in the primary health level of the city of Bujanovac and which drug was most prescribed by health professionals.Methods: This retrospective and quantitative study is planned as a descriptive and cross-sectional study. As a tool for data collection were used health protocols obtained at the primary health level of the city of Bujanovac. Results: 58% of the participants in the research are boys, while 42% are girls. The most affected age is 2 years old with 26%. 76% of children are of urban origin, while 24% are rural. 42% of children were inhaled with pulmicort, 37% of children were inhaled with spalmotil and 8% of children with berodual. The most common diagnosis for which children are inhaled, 45% in total, is J20- acute bronchitisConclusions: We finally conclude that acute bronchitis is the most common medical diagnosis in inhaled children, boys are inhaled more often than girls and the most prescribed medication by health professionals are bronchodilators.

Nursing care in the quality of life of patients with stome- colostome and patient education even outside hospitals

Fëllënza Spahiu, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Yllka Krasniqi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Besnik Elshani, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

The colon is the last part of the human digestive tract. It consists of the colon, rectum and anus which is the most final part that performs defecation or defecation. The task of the colon is to absorb fluids, residual nutrients, pass on fecal materials, and dispose of them. When the colon, rectum, or anus cannot perform this function due to various diseases or traumatic injuries, then another way must be found to eliminate fecal material. The colostomy consists of an opening (stoma) of the colon and its ascent to the abdominal wall, creating a new communication to eliminate gases and feces.The colostomy may be temporary, meaning that after a few weeks or months an operation is performed and it is closed in order to restore the normalization of the intestinal transit, but it can also be permanent. When the colostomy is permanent it means that the patient will no longer be able to defecate from the anus, as it is impossible to restore the normality of the intestinal transit.Purpose: To understand patient self- care and health education needs for patients with colostomy after rectal carcinoma surgery to provide basic information to improve the quality of nursing.In some cases, unfortunately, complications can occur after stoma formation surgery, these are discussed and nursing advice is given. One of the most important ways a nurse can support a patient is to teach the patient his or her stomach care, ensuring independence before discharge and showing empathy and compassion.Methodology: The research was conducted at UCCK, Prishtina leads with more cases of colorectal cancer than other municipalities in Kosovo.The research was used in 20 patients suffering from rectal carcinoma after colostomy. Some patients experienced defecation disturbances and disorder. Only a few patients could achieve self-care for colostomy before leaving the hospital. Patients' first need for health education was to understand how to train up to regular defecation.Results: There were significant results between nursing interventions and different dimensions 1 month and 6 months after surgery. Routine nursing care plus full course intervention can significantly improve patients ’quality and quality of life after colostomy.

Outcomes of patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease

Gani Bajraktari, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

The available evidence supporting the treatment of patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCA) in support of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains unascertained. Current clinical guidelines recommend PCI as an appropriate alternative to the standard treatment with CABG in patients with LMCA and low-to-intermediate anatomical complexity. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) with long follow-up results have recently been published showing comparable results for the two procedures with more frequent need for repeat revascularization in patients treated with PCI. Additional data are required to overcome the limitation of sample size in individual RCTs, in comparing the primary clinical outcomes endpoints including death, stroke, myocardial infarction and need for revascularization, between the two treatment strategies. Since atherosclerotic disease is progressive in nature, assessment of the outcomes of coronary interventions at long-term follow-up should be highly desirable. The recent our meta-analysis clearly demonstrates comparable long-term clinical outcome for PCI compared with CABG treatment of patients with unprotected LMCA disease. Hard clinical outcomes, including mortality, were not different between the two treatment strategies but the higher need for repeat revascularization with the non-surgical procedure should be considered in the decision-making process. It is expected that with continuous development of better-quality stents, resulting in better arterial stability and tissue compatibility and lower need for repeat revascularization, PCI might become the established treatment for selected patients with LMCA disease.The findings of this meta-analysis, with the longest clinical follow-up currently available, suggest that the MACE rate and long-term survival of patients were comparable in patients receiving PCI or CABG for unprotected left main stem disease. However, the rate of repeat revascularization was higher in patients treated with PCI.

Reconstruction of fingertip injuries with flaps

Zejnë Buja, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Havushe Ramadani, Clinic of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, UCCK, Pristina, Kosovo
Ideal Krekaj, Clinic of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, UCCK, Pristina, Kosovo

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Fingertip injuries with major distal phalangeal amputations and loss of terminal pulp are very frequent in surgical practice. The good available techniques for the repair of these injuries range from the simple procedures, free graft, to reconstruction with flaps, thenar or cross-finger flap.Materials and methods: This retrospective study includes anamnestic, the level of injury in fingers, as well as operative data for all patients underwent surgery, treated for fingertip injuries from January 2005 until 2018 in University Clinic Center of Kosovo, Clinic of Surgery, Department of Plastic Surgery in Pristina.Results: From January 2005 until December 2018, in our department treated 34 patients with fingertip injury. There were 27 men (79.4%) and 7 women (20.6 %) ranging in age from 13 to 59 years (mean age 23 year). From analysis of sort of covering of wound, notice that in 15 cases (44.1%) used thenar flap, and other cases-19 (55.9%) used cross-finger flap. Conclusions: The major indication for thenar flap is amputation of the digits distal to the interphalangeal joint, and this flap providing adequate subcutaneous tissue for pulp restoration, good tissue match for texture, appearance, and recovery of sensibility. For amputations proximal to the DIP joint, cross-finger flap may then be preferable.

Role and importance of physical therapy in patients with acute phase covid-19

Kushtrim Zhjeqi, University of Prishtina
Valon Krasniqi, University of Prishtina
Irfan Halimi, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Based on the success in physical treatment of patients in the region of Lombardy (Italy), Belgium and some other countries that were heavily affected by COVID-19, we have begun to adapt the same physical treatment protocols to patients at the University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK). In order to adapt an adequate treatment for the patients and consider the safety of the staff, during a one-month research at the Pulmonology and Dermatologic Clinic (adapted for patients with confirmed COVID-19), we have gathered and documented results from patients infected with COVID-19 in acute phase. At the same time we were able to compare the results obtained in both clinics.Methods: The research was conducted based on quantitative research and clinically controlled randomization methods.From ward A at the Pulmonology clinic, 20 patients were examined and treated as a control group, with an average age of 63.2, whereas In Dermatologic Clinic were examined as well 20 patients with an average age of 64 years.Results: After completing the research and processing the results, the role and importance of physical therapy with patients was confirmed. Specifically, a significant difference was observed between the two groups of patients. Overall treatment of patients at the Dermatologic Clinic was more efficient. Treatment with Oxygen therapy was shorter, the number of patients who showed secondary complications due to physical inactivity was smaller and the number of patients who were transferred to the Intensive Care Center was significantly smaller. We have also noticed a small difference in the number of patients who ended up with fatalities.Conclusion: The results of this study gave us a clear vision regarding the treatment of patients with COVID-19. Concretely, we suggest that following procedures such as: positioning patients, drainage of lungs and airways, activation of intercostal muscles in order to increase the inspiratory and spare expiratory volume and activating the upper and lower extremities to prevent thromboembolism should be incorporated in the treatment regimen for Covid-19 patients

Safety and efficacy of radial access vs femoral access in st-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a meta- analysis of randomized controlled trials

Gani Bajraktari, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Zarife Rexhaj, Clinic of Cardiology, University Clinical Centre of Kosova, Prishtina, Kosovo
Shpend Elezi, University of Prishtina
Fjolla Zhubi Bakija, University Clinical Centre of Kosova
Artan Bajraktari, University Clinical Centre of Kosova
Ibadete Bytyçi, University Clinical Centre of Kosova
Arlind Batalli, University Clinical Centre of Kosova
Michael Y. Henein, University Clinical Centre of Kosova

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Background and Aim: The survival benefit associated with radial access compared with femoral access in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) referred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains controversial. The aim of this meta- analysis was to assess whether there are additional short-term benefits associated with the use radial access in patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI. Methods: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing radial and femoral access for primary PCI in patients presenting with STEMI. We identified 14 RCTs with 11,060 patients, 5,480 underwent radial access and 5,580 femoral access, all were followed up for a minimum of 30 days. Data were pooled by meta- analysis using a fixed-effects or a random-effects model, as appropriate. Random effect odds ratios were used for efficacy and safety outcomes. Results: Compared with femoral access, the radial access was associated with a significantly lower risk for all-cause mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54 to 0.86; p = 0.001), major adverse cardiovascular events (OR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.70 to 0.98; p = 0.03), major bleeding (OR: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.70; p < 0.0001), and major vascular complications (OR: 0.48; 95% CI: 0.36 to 0.64; p < 0.00001). The frequency of acute myocardial infarction or stroke were not different between the two approaches. Conclusions: In patients with STEMI treated by PCI, the radial access approach is associated with less mortality, MACE, major bleeding and vascular complications compared with femoral access.

The attitude towards abortion and the social status in ferizaj inhabitants

Kushtrim Ahmeti, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Djellza Bajrami, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Abortion has incited debate in many countries, starting from smaller communities to government levels. States have approved various acts on this issue, yet many have encountered community opposition and reaction. The attitude towards abortion depends on many factors of the community, thus we decided to assess the attitudes towards abortion of Municipality of Ferizaj inhabitants, which represents the purpose of this paper. The methodology used is the non-experimental methodology. The total number includes 200 randomly selected subjects from the total sample of the Ferizaj inhabitants, surveying each subject voluntarily and respecting all ethics and moral norms in maintaining the subjects’ anonymity. The results of non-parametric comparative statistics show that there are statistically significant differences in abortion attitudes according to economic status, as well as statistically significant differences in abortion attitudes according to the number of children in the family. It also was found that there are differences in attitudes towards abortion according to the readiness to undergo an abortion.

The importance of early program of rehabilitation after achilles tendon repair

Irfan Halimi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Dafinë Ibrahimi Kaçuri, University of Prishtina
Kushtrim Zhjeqi, University of Prishtina

Lipjan, Kosovo

9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Aim of this study is to assess the importance of early program of rehabilitation after Achilles tendon repair.Methods: A prospective study on 20 patients after Achilles tendon repair in Royal Medical Hospital in the period January 2018 - January 2020. The rehabilitation program started from 3 weeks postoperatively. They were made 15-20 therapeutic sessions with each one lasting form 30-60 minutes. For treatment was used the protocol after Achilles tendon repair from “Stone Clinic” in San Francisco. For evaluation was used the average American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society score. Results: Post-op 8-12 months follow up there were no re-ruptures. 80 % of patients were able to return to their previous sporting activities by 6-8 months post operation, 20 % were not able to return to their previous sporting activities from fear of re-injury. The average American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society score at 6 months was 96 with 16 patients, having excellent and four patients good. The average time to return to work was 28 days.Conclusion: Start of early rehabilitation is a key factor to return in previous work and sporting activities. Fear from re-injury was the main reason of 4 patients that were not able to return in previous sporting activities.

10:45 AM

Attitudes of nurses towards barriers to patient education in the clinical environment

Abdullah Gruda, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

Patient education is the process of changing behavior, increasing the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to maintain or improve health. Educating patients in the clinical environment strengthens their participation in self-care. During their work, nurses, in addition to providing direct care, also have the task of educating patients. This process is followed by various barriers.Purpose of the paper: It was to evaluate the attitudes of nurses towards barriers to patient education in the clinical environment.Method: The research has transversal methodologies. 77 UCCK nurses in Prishtina participated in the research. The mean age of the participants was 38.2 ± 11.4 years. By gender 89% were female and 11% male. With high school 59%, with bachelor's degree 31% and with master 10%. Data were collected with a self- administered instrument. All ethical rules for participating entities have been respected. The results were analyzed with SPSS-24.Results: Regarding patient education methods 82% of participants reported using the verbal method, 7% use written materials and 11% combined methods. Nurses identified the main barriers to patient education the high workload of 61%, job dissatisfaction 36%, lack of managerial attention 50%, lack of space for patient education 59% and lack of information for patient education 40 %. The t-test revealed statistically significant differences (p <0.05) between nurses' attitudes towards patient education barriers, work experience and level of education.Discussion: The identification of many barriers in the process of educating patients by nurses indicates the great challenges and small opportunities they have in educating patients in the clinical environment.Recommendations: Develop strategies to eliminate barriers and establish patient education as a standard of nursing practice in the clinical setting.

COVID-19 TESTING: ROCHE DIAGNOSTICS ROBUST PORTFOLIO

Liridon Muqaku, Swissmed Kosovo - Roche Diagnostics representative in the Republic of Kosovo

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) led to a new social order worldwide. The COVID-19 pandemic outbreak has affected many countries causing hundred thousand of deaths all around the world. It did not exercise its influence only on the citizens' health status, but also had a tremendous impact on the economy and financial status of many countries. Nevertheless, all its clinical manifestations are still being elucidated. Together with its spread, proper protective measures, early and accurate detection of the COVID-19 became the most crucial and challenging step. Therefore, facing this global situation and need, Roche Diagnostics responded by launching the most innovative and accurate diagnostic assays towards fast, robust, and accurate detection of SARS-CoV-2. Here we present eight distinct diagnostic approaches covering molecular and serological testing for the evaluation of patient's health condition, infectiousness and their exposure to the virus. All these tests have demonstrated high accuracy and precision with over 99.5% sensitivity and specificity as they were validated throughout a large number of samples.

Description of Benzodiazepines in the Main Family Medicine Center in Ferizaj Period January - June 2019

Arieta Hasani Alidema, University Clinical Center
Mirzade Alidema, University Clinical Center
Flakron Alidema, Green Pharmacy, Pozheran, Kosovo
Fitim Alidema, University for Business and Technology

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

Benzodiazepines are among the most prescribed psycho tropics in the world and are used to treat some problems such as: anxiety, insomnia, panic, epilepsy, muscle spasms, etc. Benzodiazepines may be helpful in treating short-term insomnia. Their use beyond 2 to 4 weeks is not recommended due to the risk of addiction. It is preferred that benzodiazepines be taken repeatedly and at the lowest effective dose. They improve sleep-related problems by shortening the time spent in bed before falling asleep, prolonging sleep time and, in general, reducing awakening.Purpose: The purpose of this research is to analyze the description of Benzodiazepines in the Main Family Medicine Center in Ferizaj in the six-month period, January-June 2029. To analyze the nature of the description and the most prescribed drug by the group of Benzodiazepines.Material and Methods: For the compilation of this paper, primary and secondary data were used, within these data were included the data that we used to understand the theoretical aspect of the description of benzodiazepines. These data were obtained from the Main Family Medicine Center in Ferizaj (from January 2019 to June 2019, the first half of the year). The information was obtained from the book of protocols with the approval of the Health Directorate in Ferizaj.Result: From the results obtained in QKMF- Ferizaj it is clear that in the first half of 2019 with benzodiazepine tablets or more sedatives were treated middle-aged men. But what is worth noting is that it is clear that we have young people who have used these drugs with a doctor's prescription. This fact is to be worried about because the positive effects of using benzodiazepines are known, but let us not forget the side effects and their dependence. In middle age it is not very disturbing because there are not many adult patients who used these medications. The fact that many young people are unable to cope with their emotional state has also led to the use of these medications. The most prescribed benzodiazepines were Diazepam 5 mg, 10 mg tablets, Bromazepam 3 mg and 6 mg tablets, Lorazepam 3 mg, etc. In percentage we have these ages which were users of benzodiazepines: 18-30 years 16%, 30-40 years 11%, 40-50 years 13%, 50-60 years 20%, 60-70 years 26%, 70- 80 years 12%.Discussion: Benzodiazepine hypnotics shorten the time it takes to sleep and extend the sleep period. The main differences exist in how long they can remain in the body, possibly leading to prolonged side effects. For example, lorazepam has a much shorter duration than diazepam, allowing for faster drug clearance and theoretically fewer side effects. On the other hand, diazepam can remain in the system for days and increase the risk of long-term side effects, especially in the elderly. Benzodiazepines should be used for a short period of time (usually 2 to 4 weeks) for insomnia. Short-acting benzodiazepines are often preferred for insomnia because they theoretically produce less daytime drowsiness, although many patients still experience these effects.Conclusion: The results of the research in the book of protocols and prescriptions at the Main Center of Family Medicine in Ferizaj show that a number of citizens who have concomitant diseases are regular users of Benzodiazepines: Diazepam and Lorazepam. However, citizens need to have more information about the side effects of these drugs, especially young people who use Lorazepam for sleep disorders and acne.Recommendation: to respect the criteria for the prescription of benzodiazepines and to develop a national strategy about the correct prescription of these drugs.

Effects of chemotherapy and value of microscopic changes in lymphocytesof circulating bloodonpatients with oral cancer treated with chemotherapy

Fitim Alidema, University for Business and Technology
Arieta Hasani Alidema, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Mirzade Alidema, Neurogical – QKUK- Prishtine
Flakron Alidema, Pharmacy Green Pharma- Pozheran

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

The value of micronucleus (MN) and microscopic changes in lymphocytes of circulating blood presents a good case to study changes of genome directly into organs affected by tumourAim: The aim of this research is to analyse the level of induction of MN and the value of microscopic changes in binuclear lymphocytes of venous circulating blood on patients with oral cancer during treatment with chemotherapy.Material and methodology: The study analyses 21 patients with oral carcinoma (72.2% male) with an average age of 54.7+-9.2. From parameters, we have analysed theeffect of the chemotherapy and microscopic changes in lymphocytes of the circulating blood of patients diagnosed with oral cancer. Results:Changes of degenerations of microscopic cells at patients with oral malign processes in lymphocytes of circulating bloodwere noticed, as after chemotherapy there are significant changes (16.7±27.2 vs. 27.8±33.6, p<0.0001).Also we have defined a significant change regarding all apoptic binuclear lymphocytes (p<0.00001), necrotic lymphocytes (p<0.0002), and lymphocytes with nucleoplasmbridge. Conclusion:Results show that chemotherapeutics have induced cytotoxity of cells but have not induced chromosomal changes or formation of micronucleus formation.

Impact of the Night Shift in the Emotional State of Nurses at Main Family Medicine Center in Rahovec, Kosovo

Sumera Kabashi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Dugagjin Sokoli, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

This study addresses issues of the impact of the night shift in the emotional state of nurses at work at the Main Family Medicine Center in Rahovec. We used a linear model that links work role and social factors, anxiety depression, and self-esteem. This research was conducted with 24 nurses, where 12 nurses were interviewed during the night shift and 12 nurses during the day shift. Of these, 6 are male or 25%, and 18 are female or 75%. The lowest age of nurses was 32 years, while the highest was 54 years. This study aims to identify scientific evidence on the occurrence of changes in the emotional state of nurses working on night shifts associated with adverse physical and psychological health outcomes, such as poor quality of work and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and self-esteem. The aim of the study is to compare the quality of work, as well as the symptoms of the emotional state of nurses working in the night shift with those who work in the day shift and to investigate the relationship between work quality and the symptoms of the emotional state of nurses. In addition, we will assess the prevalence and accompanying factors of depression, anxiety, and self-esteem among mental health nurses working at the MFMC in order to identify independent predictors of mental health disorders.

Knowledge and attitudes among healthcare workers at University Clinical Center of Kosovo toward pandemic disease COVID-19

Anita Sadikaj, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Rexhep Gjyliqi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Valmira Bajrami, University Clinical Center of Kosovo

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

Corona virus (COVID-19) is an acute infectious disease caused by the new Corona virus. The firs cases were registered in China at Wuhan region at the end of December 2019. The disease is characterized by high contagiousness and relatively high mortality compared to other diseases that spread through the respiratory tract. Inadequate knowledge and incorrect attitudes among health care providers can directly influence practices and lead to delayed diagnosis, poor infection control practice and spread of disease.Methods: A prospective research was undertaken on knowledge and attitudes of health providers about Corona virus diseases, at the University Clinical Center of Kosovo in period of time June-August 2020. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to assess the relationships between study variables such as standard deviations, T test, ANOVA and Spearman’s correlation.Results: In this research 97 health workers participated. The vast majority showed good knowledge and a positive attitude about presence of COVID-19 in our country and worldwide (85%). Approximately two thirds of the participants knew the mode of transmission (67%), the isolation period (65.8%), method of treatment (58.4%) and 79% had a positive attitude towards the application of protection measures. There was a negative correlation between knowledge scores and attitude scores (r=0.21, p<0.001). Moreover, media and social media were the main source of information COVID-19 (92%).Conclusion: Most respondents had solid knowledge and showed positive attitudes about COVID-19. However, the expectations were higher as it was believed that health workers should have greater knowledge about the disease as well as confidence in the existence of this disease. In order to raise the level of knowledge and trust, additional education is needed within the institution where they work.

Left ventricular function in children with Coarctation of the Aorta

Haki Jashari, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

Surgical repair of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a safe procedure in children, however the condition is known for its potential recurrence and other related complications. The available evidence shows abnormal intrinsic properties of the aorta in CoA, thus suggesting additional effect, even after CoA repair, on left ventricular (LV) function. Accordingly, we sought to obtain a better understanding of LV myocardial mechanics in very early-corrected CoA using two-dimensional STE. Methods and results: We retrospectively studied 21 patients with corrected CoA at a median age of 9 (2–53) days at three time points: 1) just before intervention, 2) at short-term follow-up (within 3 months after intervention) and 3) at medium-term follow-up after intervention (median 2.3 years) and compared them with normal values. Speckle tracking analysis was conducted via vendor independent software, Tomtec. After intervention, LV function significantly improved (from −12.8 ± 3.9 to −16.7 ± 1.7; p < 0.001), however normal values were not reached even at medium-term follow-up (−18.3 ± 1.7 vs. −20 ± 1.6; p = 0.002). Medium-term longitudinal strain correlated with pre intervention EF (r = 0.58, p = 0.006). Moreover, medium-term subnormal values were more frequently associated with bicuspid aortic valve (33.3% vs. 66.6%; p < 0.05). Conclusion: LV myocardial function in neonates with CoA can be feasibly evaluated and followed up by speckle tracking echocardiography. LV subendocardial dysfunction however, remains in early infancy coarctation long after repair. Long-term follow-up through adulthood using myocardial deformation measurements should shed light on the natural history and consequences of this anomaly.

Nursing care for the newborn and the mother after childbirth - Postpartum phase, home care

Doruntina Ismaili, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Kaltrina Azizi

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

Childbirth is a joyous event when a woman gives birth to a child she desires. Despite the pain and embarrassment, childbirth is the long-awaited peak of pregnancy and the beginning of a new life. However, childbirth is also a critical time for the health of the mother and her baby. The postpartum phase is an essential period for a mother and her baby. The postpartum period includes a critical transitional time for a woman, her newborn, and her family, on a physiological, emotional, and social level.The postpartum period, or puerperium, begins about an hour after birth and includes the following six weeks. Postpartum nursing care should respond to the needs of mother and baby during this particular phase which includes: prevention and early detection, treatment of complications and diseases, counseling, parental education and breastfeeding services, immunization, maternal nutrition and all other needs which lead to improved quality of maternal and infant health. Problems such as postpartum (hemorrhage, pregnancy-related hypertension, pulmonary embolism and puerperal sepsis, decay of wounds, breast abscess and constipation, and sexual problems) may also be present during this period. Unknown postpartum disorders can lead to physical distress, psychological distress such as postpartum depression, and a poor quality of life for mothers who, if not treated promptly and effectively by nursing staff in collaboration with medical staff, may lead to deteriorating health. Postpartum care indicates the fact that most maternal deaths and disabilities occur during the postpartum period and that early neonatal mortality remains high, therefore home nursing care remains essential during this phase.

Professional Burnout Level of Nurses at Main Family Medicine Center in city of Rahovec, Kosovo

Elisa Vuqetërna, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Dugagjin Sokoli, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

Burnout is defined as "a multidimensional construct composed of emotional fatigue, depersonalization, and personal achievement that occurs in people who work any job" (Maslach, 1982). According to the WHO the symptoms of burnout are lack of energy or exhaustion, increased isolation from work, feelings of negativity associated with work and decreased professional effectiveness. The main aim of this research is to identify the risk of burnout, through three components, such as fatigue, depersonalization, and personal achievement to the nurses of the Main Family Medicine Center in Rahovec. In this research 51 nurses of Main Family Medicine Center in Rahovec responded positively to the questionnaire, with an average age of 41.31 years. Of the total number of nurses, 35.3% were male and 64.7% were female. Of the respondents, 72.5% had completed secondary education, 23.5% had university education, while 4.0% had a master's degree. A self-administered questionnaire called Maslach Burnout Inventory (C. Maslach, S. Jackson, 1981) was used to conduct this research. The data were analyzed with the statistical package for social sciences, SPSS, version 21. Based on the descriptive data we can conclude that nurses show no symptoms of burnout, have no loss of sensitivity, and are satisfied with their personal achievements. While by correlation we understand that we have a moderate negative correlation between the level of education and the fatigue component (r = -. 312 *, p = .026). Also, a moderate positive correlation was found between the fatigue component and the ward in which they work (r = .284 *, p = .044).

Risk of breast cancer in women with cystic lesions

Emine Devolli Disha, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

The aim of this study, was to diagnose breast cancer in women with breast cystic lesions using sonographic features of ultrasound and fine needle aspiration. Materials and methods: We examined 1560 patients with breast lesions, 87 patients had cystic breast masses. Most often symptoms was : a lump, breast pain, nipple discharge. The mean age of the patients was 45 years (range, 18–73 years). Diagnosis was determined with sonography with high frequency transducers 12 MHz and with fine- needle aspiration. Excision was performed for all malignant lesions. Cystic lesions were categorized as simple cysts, clustered cysts, cysts with thin septa, complicated cysts, cystic masses with a thick wall, and complex solid and cystic masses. Sonographic findings were compared with the pathologic results and were classified as benign and malignant masses. Results: Of 87 patients with cystic lesions, 12 (13.8%), were simple cysts, 8 (9.2%) were clustered cysts, 11 (12.6%) were cysts with thin septa, 17(19.5%) complicated cyst. All of cases were pathologically proven to be benign. Of 13 (15%) cases with cystic masses with a thick wall, 3 (23.1%) proved malignant, of 26 (29.9%) cases with complex solid and cystic masses, 11(42.3%) of them proved malignant. Conclusion: In our study sonographically detected and pathologically proved, simple cysts, clustered cysts and cysts with thin septa were all benign, so for this kind of cysts interventional treatment was not needed, just annual routine follow-up with sonography. Symptomatic complicated cysts should be follow-up by sonography and aspiration cytology and treated according to clinical symptoms. Cystic masses with a thick wall and complex solid and cystic masses should be examined by biopsy with pathologic confirmation.

Stress – Confrontation students with stress and its management

Eglantina Kraja Bardhi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Niman Bardhi, Ministry of Health

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

Stress is an inevitable consequence of life, it is the demand for the human being who needs to adapt. The inadequate atmospheres at universities, in students with different socio-cultural backgrounds, can cause more academic failures than elevation, and also create an unfavorable atmosphere for students (Mersha,Bishaw, Asrat & Nigussie 2009).The purpose: Evaluating student opinions about their knowledge of stress, dealing with it, and managing it.Methodology: The study was random, with a population of 428 students (46.7% females and 53.3% males), with some studying in public institutions and others in private, majoring in Psychology, Criminology, Law and Economics. The realization was made during the period November - December 2019.Results: 70.1% of students declare that they feel more tense, tired and less energetic than when they started their studies. 46.7% of students face continuous stress. Concern is the situation where 50.5% of students declare that they do not work. For the individual, family and socio-economic difficulties, 29.9% of the students are declared, which is why 15.9% of them have increased the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and sedatives.Conclusions: Students should continually study and be educated for stress management, improving communication and collaboration with colleagues, pedagogues, and management, and to identify potential factors that enhance motivation and improve their performance. Academic staff should support students to manage situations and regenerative factors during their studies and remove conflicting style with students.

The role of the family physicians and nurses in detection and treatment of sexual disorders

Hajrullah Fejza, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Ejona Icka, Universal Peace Federation, Prishtina

Lipjan, Kosovo

10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

Doctors and nurses in Family Medicine are the "gateway" or first contact of the patient who seeks to find solutions to problems related to his health in general and sexual health in particular. With the increase in the prevalence of cases of sexual disorders in middle-aged and elderly people, the need to manage these problems should be routine in family medicine. The approach and professional skills of GP and nurses are prerequisites for the patient to express themselves freely and talk about something that is very private and somewhat embarrassing.Aim:Emphasizing the importance that doctors and nurses have in Family Medicine Centers in detecting and treating or guiding patients with problems in the field of sexual health is the main goal of this presentation. However, raising awareness of decision-makers and relevant institutions about the possibility of training or other education in this area is a secondary goal.Current situation :Based on the information received from consulting with patients, they have never been asked or examined for sexual disorders during their visit to the family doctor. The situation is almost the same in other countries. Due to the nature of the problem and the unwillingness of both parties, the health staff and the patient, to talk about sexuality a great gap has been created in the discussion and treatment of sexual disorders. One of the main reasons for not discussing these problems is the lack of comfort and fear of dealing with these problems by health personnel. Generally, family physicians have a low level of knowledge about sexual functioning.Conclusions There is a great need for education and training of health personnel on the way of communication and obtaining sexual history. Increasing knowledge about sexual function of their patients can help overcome problems and prevent many consequences, especially those in the cardiovascular system and psychological well-being.

12:30 PM

Plexus choroid papilloma – case report

Ilir Ahmetgjekaj, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Nagib Elshani, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Antigona Kabashi, Policlinic “Prima Imagin Center”, Prishtina, Kosovo

Lipjan, Kosovo

12:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Plexus choride papilloma is benign tumor that grows slowly from epithelial cells in ventricular chorioid plexus. This disease can occur at any age but is most common in children before the age of 10 years and takes part in up to 3% of tumors. The incidence of this disease is relatively low 0.4-0.6% of all tumors. Occurs most commonly in lateral ventricles in children and in fourth ventricle in adults. Our case was a 2 (two) year old female child. Patient had no symptoms until the age of 18 months, later was found delay in development and increased size of head. A week before hospitalization she becomes anorexic, apathic and could not speak. On the day of admission the child was febrile, lethargic and anterior fontanel was tense and bulged. CT is done first and then MR, that showed signs of hyperproductive hydrocephalus. Right lateral ventricle was grater in size than the left ventricle, and contained a large lobular mass localized in trigonum. During the surgery it was found highly vascularised mass with transverse dimensions 62x60mm. Pedicle has been identified connected to the tumor and was removed from the tumor without difficulty. Histological diagnosis showed Plaxus choroid Papilloma. Child has gone in reconvalescence and head size went back to almost normal size.

1:29 PM

Anti-sperm antibodies reduce male fertility, but do not increase dna fragmentation in spermatozoa

Zafer Gashi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Afrim Zeqiraj, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Fitore Gashi, University of Prishtina

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:29 PM - 3:00 PM

Anti-spermatic antibodies (ASAs) in men cause autoimmune disease, respectively, immune infertility. DNA fragmentation is the separation or breaking of DNA strands in pieces. DNA fragmentation analysis into male sperm unknown infertility is a valid and quite safe test to determine the degree of male infertility.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to detect the presence of ASA and their incidence in male infertility with unknown etiology as well as to evaluate the correlation between ASA and the percentage of DNA fragmentation in the sperm. Methods: The study included 55 males with unknown infertility and 34 males with children as a control. Evaluation of the presence of sperm antibody sperm in semen resulted in a direct mixed blend of anti-globulin (MAR) and sperm DNA fragmentation with the Halosperm® test based on SCD technique based on DNA denaturation.Results: In the MAR test, 13.8% of infertile men with unknown etiology were positive for ASA. No positive was found in fertile people. Results of the DNA Fragmentation Index (% DFI:% sperm cells containing damaged DNA) did not have a positive correlation with the ASA presence percentage in patients with positive test MAR.Conclusions: Results show that anti-spasm antibodies (ASAs) are involved in decreasing in vivo fertility in patients with positive test MAR. Results of the DNA fragmentation index (% DFI:% sperm cells containing damaged DNA) did not indicate genetic damage to the sperm in these cases with immune deficiency.

1:30 PM

Assessment of knowledge and implementation of practice of sterile nursing techniques in operating halls

Ariana Zenuni, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Surgical Site Infections (SSI) 1 are skin and subcutaneous tissue infections occurring (superficial infections), muscle and fascia’s (deep surgical infections) and of organs, during or after surgical interventions. SSI’s account for up to 17% of all Healthcare Associated Infections (HAI’s) 2 and 38% of the nosocomial infections in surgical patients. Each surgical infection consequently in average requires additional seven to ten days of postoperative hospital care and a two to eleven fold higher death risk, compared to surgical patients who have not developed an infection. HAI’s are infections that patients contract while receiving treatment for medical or surgical conditions, that exhibit within 48h of admission, or occur after 30 days, or 1 year after implantation of foreign bodies, in rare cases may occur after many years (CJD). According to the WHO annually, over 1.4 million people worldwide suffer from complications of healthcare acquired infections. Aim of research: This research aims to assess the level of knowledge and daily practice of sterile techniques by nursing staff in surgical theaters and the role of surgical theatre nurses on implementation of aseptic methods during surgical interventions and their awareness of how non-compliance to these techniques directly affects surgical patients. Methods: This paper is prospective, controlled and quantitative thesis. The study was conducted at University and Clinical Centre of Kosova (UCCK) 3 , Pristina, encompassing up to 80 OT nurses working in: Cardiac, Thoracic, Abdominal, Vascular and Neurosurgery units of Orthopedics, Gynecology and Emergency Clinics. Personal and professional data such as: Gender, age, education, work experience, trainings, hand washing techniques, surgical cap and mask use, sterile gloves placement, use of sterile overalls, instrument table preparation, sterile cover insulation, maintenance and accountability of instruments, consumables and sutures before, during and after procedures, movement inside and around the sterile area, operating room temperature and humidity, were assessed. The results were derived from a questionnaire comprised of two types of data: general nurse data as well as the professional and education /trainings received from verbal contact with the nurse and the professional part where the data that were identified during the process observation of indicators for the implementation of sterile nursing techniques during surgical intervention. Outcomes: Responsiveness to the assessment was at level of 100%, dominating age group was of 30-39 years old (42.5%); education wise most of the nurses 56% had secondary education and the highest work experience was 11-20 years: 49%, whereas 56.26% of respondents claimed that they have had no any kind previous training as surgical nurses. Female nurses dominates 79.9% in this field. 86% of the respondents proved correct placement of the surgical mask, whilst 87% correctly placed surgical caps and 94% correctly did wear in correct manner surgical. Correct surgical hands washing was observed in 45.56% of the cases and 96% did

appropriately prepare surgical table. Aseptic rules in patient preparation were followed in 81% case but 60% did not put on correctly sterile gloves 60%, correct movement around the sterile area exhibited 66% of respondents and most of them 86% maintained aseptic methods when dealing with instruments, consumables and sutures. Counting of instruments happened in 52%, whereas counting of gauzes used and expendable material happened in 85% of the cases. Operation table sterility was ensured in 97% whereas stretching and bending in non-sterile areas was observed in 95%. Knowledge about desired operating room temperature observed in 87% whilst 84% presented lack of knowledge about the permissible humidity levels. Conclusion: Operating theatre nurses working in UCCK need adequate surgical trainings and higher (university and postgraduate) levels of education. Refresher courses on 1-3 years basis, to refresh or update their knowledge. Improve the conditions of the operating theatres, by making the necessary and adequate renovations, but as well as appropriate staffing of the OT should be considered. Routine infection screenings (staff and surface swabs) and making sure that OT’s meet requirements in regards to ventilation, humidity and asepsis. Know-how and expertise on sterile techniques transfer should be ensured through appropriate planned trainings in addition to the “in the house” trainings provided by senior nurses to the newly employed ones. In some cases, staff replacement has been foreseen as the most appropriate improvement measure.

Attempts to prevent suicides in people treated at the Institute of Forensic Psychiatry (IFPK)

Gani Halilaj, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Bujar Obërtinca, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

It is proven from the literature that in more than 90% of cases of suicide, individuals have obvious mental disorders. Other identified causes are various circumstances, stress and trauma. Treating people with mental health problems, especially those with suicidal ideation, is a challenge for mental health professionals. PURPOSE of this survey is the presentation of our problems and experiences, during last six years, with the patients who come from the criminal conditions - the procedures of confrontation with the court, the prosecution, the police . Our goal is to present our thoughts on suicide prevention in these conditions. Criminal conditions, even for a normal person, are abnormal, where the person feels guilty, worthless and automatically clings to depressive, nihilistic and suicidal ideas. METHODOLOGY The patients files have been analyzed, especially of the cases that have had the most special treatment, cases which have had auto-aggressive, violent manifestations, self-harm in terms of suicide, which have come for treatment or psychiatric evaluation from prisons in IFPK. These people have swallowed dangerous things, hiding razors, and tablets for suicidal tendencies. FINDINGS We found 19 people with self aggressive behavior. Of this number males 18, females 1. Personality disorders and the use of psychoactive substances have been dominated by male and female 9, female 1, then in turn: bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorders, disorders of the group of schizophrenia, psychosis and psycho organic disorders. DISCUSSION Among the factors that are most potential for self aggressive manifestations and lead to suicide, are mental disorders, new circumstances, or even submission through proceedings, court hearings, police investigation , etc. Disconnection of family relations, a daily strict routine for some of the people in these conditions are burdensome and without perspective. CONCLUSION However, despite psychosocial and biological treatment, dangerous behaviors in psychiatric patients still remain a phenomenon that will probably never end, as is their etiology. So staying in penal conditions ,or penal condition treatment are always potential for incidents like emotional explosions, injuries, threats, irritations, suicide. Suicide as a phenomenon regardless of where the person is, at home, at work, in criminal conditions, on a plane, in a car, remains a challenge that we will face for a long time.

Compliance of clinical diagnoses with histopathological diagnoses of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in UCCK for one year (2003)

Salih Krasniqi, University for Business and Technology
Besnik Elshani, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Dafina Krasniqi, Pharmacy Besarta Bujupi-Krasniqi, B.I.Komoran

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

In this paper, the compatibility of clinical diagnoses with histopathological ones has been analyzed. 418 laparoscopic cholecystectomy with clinical diagnoses were analyzed at the UCCK Laparoscopic Center with histopathological diagnoses performed at the UCCK Pathological Institute. In 173 cases, the clinical diagnoses did not match the histopathological ones. No cases of cholecystitis have been reported. Diagnosis was inconsistent in every 2.41 patients. The female-male ratio was 5: 1. All cholecysts operated on at the Laparoscopic Center were sent for histopathological analysis. Purpose of the paper - To see the compatibility between the clinical diagnoses of cholecystitis and histopathological ones - Examine the rationale for sending each cholecyst for histopathological analysis.

Complications of intravenous administration ofchemotherapy in peripheral veins - extravasion

Drita Berisha, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Intravenous infusion is the main mode of administration of anti-cancer drugs for most types of malignant disorders, with a number that exceeds 1 million infusions every day worldwide.Aim: The purpose of this paper is to: Identify complications of intravenous chemotherapy administration in peripheral veins - extravasation, assessment of basic UCCK nursing knowledge regarding these complications, and assessment of the knowledge of patients undergoing chemotherapy in Oncology Clinic related to extravagance.Material and Methods: To carry out this research we are based on the empirical method. Empirical data (nurses 'and patients' experiences) are analyzed quantitatively. Through quantitative research, data was collected from nurses and patients by applying a standardized approach where questionnaires were used, and where nurses and patients represented the sample from the general population.Results: Research findings find that most nurses have clear that all extravagances should not be treated with the same steps and procedures (51%) because there are different forms of this complication. They make it clear that all cytotoxic extravagances can be prevented if proper education is provided.Discussion: In our country, there is no accurate evidence of extravasation due to chemotherapy because they do not register and do not appear. What is the prevalence of extravagance and how much the burden it makes for Kosovo's health is not studied in any work in Kosovo. One of the reasons is also insufficient information on what is, how it is and how to react when this complication occurs.Conclusions: Extravasation is a concern for all health care providers who administer chemotherapy. Extravagance is more common in peripheral administration, but can also occur with central access approaches. Extravasation is the unintentional infiltration of the drug into the surrounding tissues, the consequences of which will depend on the herb that is administered.

Endoscopic ultrasound of solid pancreatic lesions: our clinical experience

Skender Telaku, Gastroenterology Clinic, UCCK, Prishtina
Mimoza Telaku, Private Institution “Gastromed-AFM
Hajrullah Fejza, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Ductal adenocarcinomas account for 85-90% of pancreatic tumors. In 60-70% of cases, the tumor is localized to the head, 5-10% to the body, and 10-15% to the tail. One-year survival of patients with pancreatic cancer is 26%, while 5-year survival is 6%. Endoscopic ultrasound is very sensitive in detecting solid pancreatic lesions.AIM: Introducing the clinicopathological features of our patients with pancreatic tumorsMETHOD: This study included 38 patients [15 females (39.5%) and 23 males (60.5%), with a mean age of 65.10 ± 10.21 years, range 34-78, with solid pancreatic lesions, who were announced in the period January 2018 - July 2019. Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) was performed with Pentax EG- 3870UTK Endoscopic Ultrasound. The EUS FNA is made with 22 gauge needles.RESULTS: We had two groups, the group with adenocarcinomas [n = 36 (94.7%)], and the second group with two patients with insulinoma. The main symptom was pain (57.9%). 36.8% of them were with jaundice. Nearly half of these patients were examined with EUS (17 patients). 21% of them used tobacco. Regarding the localization of the solid lesion in 25 patients (65.8%) it was in the head of the pancreas, 8 (21%) in the body and two of them were in the tail and the uncin. Most of the patients were stage IV.CONCLUSIONS: The description of the characteristics of our patients with solid pancreatic tumors is similar to the literature. Most of the patients were in stage IV. Material for histopathological analysis can be obtained with linear EUS. All of these features make EUS the method of choice for patients with pancreatic disease.

Experiences of nursing students in clinical practice

Valbona Vokshi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Besnik Elshani, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Fellenza Spahiu, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

The experiences of nursing students in their clinical practice play a key role in terms of nursing education. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the experience of student nurses in relation to their clinical practice, the benefits they receive, and the challenges they face.Methods: For this study, semi-structured interviews with a total of four participants from different public medical and private universities were used, the sample is randomly selected. Outcomes: The results obtained based on the research questions are four topics, two of which talk about the benefits of nursing students and the other two about the challenges they face during clinical experiences.Conclusion: The result of this study shows that clinical mentors help students gain more skills in their work as a nurse and the small number of clinical mentors is presented as a challenge for new students, also the results show that challenges for young students are also lack of tools and workspace.

Health policies and the challenges of the implementation of legislation in the republic of kosovo

Naser Rugova, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Health policies, adequate legislation in the field of health and sustainable financing of the health system continue to be serious challenges for countries in transition and especially for the Republic of Kosovo. As a new state, with a health system that has gone through three difficult periods in the last three decades such as political, economic, social and the transition from international administration to an independent and sovereign state, has significantly influenced the reform and advancement of health policies as well as the quality of legislation governing this area.The situation in Kosovar healthcare continues to be critical two decades after the war and 12 years after the declaration of independence. Low level of development of the health sector, lack of political will, inadequate health policies and non-implementation of legislation, unsustainable financing is reflected in poor results, even alarming in terms of public health in Kosovo. The lack of a serious approach to the health sector has led to this sector, of primary importance, to be degraded to alarming proportions at the three levels of Kosovo's health system.The purpose of this paper is to assess the achievements, stagnation, the need for reforms in the health system and to improve the parameters and indicators that make the health system of a stable country, through a qualitative and comparative method, with reviews of Kosovo's health policies and legislation, as well as evaluation reports of relevant international institutions.

Impact of the Close Contact Management Action Plan during the Covid 19 pandemic on the General Hospital in Peja on the number of cases of infected staff at the General Hospital in Peja - case study Period: 18 March - 31 May, 2020

Skender Dreshaj, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Infections received during the provision of health care pose a threat to the safety of the patient, staff and other actors involved and consequently affect the quality of health care. In the concrete situation of Pandemia Covid -19 infection of health personnel, in addition to the negative effects on the health of each individual and other side effects, really risk capacity - human resources of each health institution with direct effect on reducing the main capital in combating pandemics - that of health personnel.Human resources, of course not the only ones, although especially in times of pandemics, and consequently in today's Covid -19, represent the main capital in which any possible action plan to manage the problem. They are carriers of it. all activities. Consequently, being a carrier of activities also risks being infected, with consequences, in addition to endangering health, and the loss of the ability to perform tasks and responsibilities. A plan that would focus on preserving the human capacity of the health institution is an essential obligation.In order to address these issues, the hospital had prepared an Action Plan for the management of human resources during the pandemic at the General Hospital in Peja. The focus of the Hospital's Action Plan was to avoid "close contact."The purpose of this paper is to, through the study of the plan, collection, systematization and analysis of data on the number of infected personnel, by systematizing them according to profession, place of work, measures taken, to highlight the interconnectedness of measures taken with the number of infected staff and eventually specify any practice applied with a positive or negative effect on the possibility of infection, considering in this element also the public interest of this paper.

Large Hiatal hernia followed by Cameron ulcers and sideropenic anemia Case Presentation

Zaim Gashi, University for Business and Technology
Arjeta Gashi, QKUK, Institute of Pharmacology, Prishtina
Fadil Sherifi, QKUK, Clinic of Gastroenterology with Hepatology, Prishtina
Aida Polloshka, QKUK, Clinic of Gastroenterology with Hepatology, Prishtina

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Hiatal hernia is accidental asymptomatic finding, but may be associated with gastro- oesophageal reflux disease and Cameron ulcer, in large hiatal hernias.Cameron lesions are linear ulcers or erosions in the folds of the gastric mucosa in diaphragm level from secondary mechanical trauma to diaphragmatic contraction by respiratory excursions in combination with impaired gastric acidity and ischemia. The frequency of Cameron ulcer depends on the size of the hiatal hernia and, increases in proportion to the increase in the size of the hernia. The prevalence rate of hiatal hernia ranges from 0.8 to 5.2% in all patients undergoing upper endoscopy. gastrointestinal. It mainly causes anemia due to iron loss as a result of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and indigestion. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is the gold standard of the diagnostic aspect. Treatment is mainly with antisecretory and iron, for anemia. If it is refractory, surgical intervention is the final treatment. We present the case, a 65-year-old woman with retrosternal postprandial pain, especially in lying down immediately after eating, vomiting, dyspnea, weight loss, fatigue and lethargy. E the patient had a history of long-term symptoms of more than 20 years and treatment with antisecretory. He had a cholecystectomy 10 years ago. The endoscope shows a hernia large hiatal and erosions / ulcerations at the level of gastrodiafragmal contact (ulcers Cameron). Laboratory tests showed low Hgb and Fe (85 g / L or 5.4 mmol / L, respectively). and low MCV (60). After the endoscopic examination, the application was completed. After operative treatment, there was significant clinical and laboratory improvement. For further follow-up, barium radiological examination is envisaged, and after six months, upper digestive endoscopy and cardiopulmonary examination. We conclude that hiatal hernia with Cameron lesion is a rare, potentially destructive but still curable cause of refractory sideropenic anemia. Diagnosis is very difficult in developing countries, where iron deficiency anemia is more common. A high index of suspicion, chest x- ray, barium examination, occult blood test and finally, endoscopic and intraoperative findings are the basis for diagnosis. In the best groupings, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is a gold standard of diagnostic mode.

Mentoring nursing students in primary care

Nafije Pajaziti, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Mentoring is a professional task of nurses and an important training in nursing education and practice. Mentoring is carried out by an experienced nurse who supports the establishment of a less experienced nurse or a student during university education.Purpose: To assess mentoring of nursing students in the practice environment from the perspective of mentors and students.Materials and methods: 143 nursing students and 65 mentors of nursing students participated in the research. Research data was collected by two questionnaires, one for students and the other for mentors and analyzed with SPSS.Results: The average age of the students participating in the research was 23.4 ± 4 years, while the average age of mentors was 40.4 ± 10.4 years. The results show that there is no statistical significance (p = 0.211) of mentorship knowledge for nursing programs. While there is a statistical significance in practicing nursing skills (p = 0.04).Discussion: The research results have provided answers to the research goals and questions regarding the mentoring of nursing students in the practice environment from the perspective of mentors and students. Both hypotheses are approved by the results of the paper.Conclusions: Mentoring nursing students promotes student learning in the practical environment where they have a mentor who is responsible and helps them in the mentoring phase.

Nurses' access and management of therapy for children with Autism

Fitim Alidema, University for Business and Technology
Dia Balidemaj
Flakron Alidema, Pharmacy Green Pharma Pozheran, Kosovo

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Examining what autism is and being aware of the general symptoms and characteristics that children with autism possess is a professional task of nurses. Informing parents about diagnosing a child with autism and informing them what to do next with them is an important task for us as health professionals. Purpose: The aim is to bring to the readers the problems, symptoms, therapy that accompany the lives of these children, and above all an awareness of society, especially parents, who often times as a result of a negligence or distrust that their child has any problem, they neglect the problem that becom the cause of some irreparable consequences for the whole life of the child. Materials and methods: The research involved 2 private autism associations: '1.Autism Speak-Kosovo', 2. 'National Autism Association in Kosovo', and finally I collected data from the child and adolescent psychiatry clinic (QKUK-Prishtina). Questionnaires were used for data collection, and I received responses from: Principals, Psychologists, Therapists and Psychiatrists who take care for children with autism. Results: The results have shown that the most affected gender is the male gender, the dominant age that these associations have, varies from 3-12 years, and that the most used drug in these children is Risperidone 1 mg ( in 77% of cases ). Discussion: Results in this research have been achievable with what we were looking for in autistic children, we have also gotten the right answers to our awareness research questions for these children. Conclusions: We have come to the conclusion that the number of children with autism is increasing, and we as health professionals need to adapt to them in daily life, in the physical, psychological and social environment. Therefore, the role of all health professionals as well as parents is essential for a positive outcome in these children.

Nursing care in patients with corneal inflammation

Kaltrina Azizi
Doruntina Ismaili, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

There are two types of keratitis, the one which includes substance loss (ulcer) and the one where the inflammation process develops in deep layers without epithelium damage (keratitis stromalis or parenchimatosa).Common signs for all the types of keratitis are: cular pain that is intensified during the movement of palpebra on cornea. photophobia, it occurs from the painful contraction of the inflamed iris, decrease on sight sharpness, and watering.According to etiology, keratitis is divided in bacterial, viral, mitotic, allergic and trophic keratitis. According to this study, masculine gender is much more affected with 41 cases in total or 68.33%, then comes female gender with 19 cases or 31.67%. In the data regarding age, it is noticed that the most likely groups to be attacked are those of 60-79 years old, with 20 cases in total, 12 males and 8 females. It is also worth mentioning that there were 4 patients with elongated hospitalization, 3 males and 1 female, who stayed in the hospital in the period 29-35 days. In order to have a desirable success, certainly the nurse should have an ethical and professional approach toward the patient. There is a great psychological difference in the patients’ attitude towards their disability regarding with what we are dealing with: whether it is a born or gained disability.

Premature Birth and Peripartal Outcome

Syheda Latifi Hoxha, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Vlora Ademi Ibishi, Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, Prishtina
Mynavere Hoxha, Neonatology Clinic, Prishtina
Natyra Obërtinca, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

The World Health Organization defines premature birth as a birth that occurs ≥22- 37weeks based on gestational age, or less than 259 days from the first day of the last menstrual cycle. 8-10% of pregnancies result in premature birth. Premature newborns are at risk of Respiratory distress syndrome(RDS), Intracranial Haemorrhage (HIC), Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), as well as other renal and neurologic complications. 10% of premature newborns remain handicapped throughout growth, have neurologic disorders, defects in sight and hearing, mental retardation, emotional disorders with social maladaptation as well as slowed intellectual development.Premature birth is a global problem which occurs even in Kosovo. Despite all the treatments premature birth cannot be prevented but only managed. In Kosovo, every year around 2500 births are premature, whereas the survival of the newborns is dependent on the gestational age. Therefore, births before 32 weeks and especially before 28 weeks are more challenging. The Aim.The aim of this study is to investigate premature births in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic in Prishtina. This is a retrospective study in which we have analyzed the peripartal outcome based on maternal and fetal parameters. Material and Methods.This is a retrospective, descriptive, and analytic study of cases with premature births in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic in Prishtina between January 2019 and March 2019. Data has been collected from medical records and evidence in the departament of delivery and operative ward. Cases with premature births have been analyzed according to maternal and fetal parameters. Maternal parameters that we have analyzed are the age, parity, mode of delivery whereas newbon parameters that were analyzed included gestational age, mode of delivery, weight at birth and vitality in the first and fifth minute according to the APGAR score.Excluding criteria: Term birthsResults:In this study, the rate of preterm birth is found to be 9.03%. Preterm birth rate was highest among women in group age between 30-40 (51%), followed by women ages 20-30 (38%), ages 40 years and older (7%) and women under age 20 (4%). Specific prematurity rate was the highest for women 40 and older (16.86%) followed by women under age 20 (12.69%). The highest proportion of premature birth was observed among primiparous women (42%) whereas women in their fourth and more pregnancy had lowest proportion (12%). The proportion of premature birth was 28 % in second pregnancy and 18% in third pregnancy. The highest rate of specific prematurity (10.41) was observed among women in their fourth and more pregnancy followed by nulliparous women (10.20%). Based on the gestational age 12.31% of cases were between 22-28 gestational weeks, 9.7% were between 28-32, 17.24% were between 32-34 and the majority respectively 60.59 were between 34-37 gestational weeks. Cesarean delivery was performed in 59% of the cases compared to vaginal birth which represented 41%. According to newborns weight at birth ,12% were between 500-1000 grams, 9% weighing between 1000-1500 and 17 % between 1500-2000 grams. 31% of premature infants were with birth weight 2000-2500 grams and 31% ≥2500 grams. There were 4% stillbirths, whereas 11% had severe asphyxia and 16% moderate asphyxia.Conclusion Based on our results, premature birth is still a problem due to unfavorable peripartum outcome.Thus, we highly recommend to increase the awareness among women regarding the importance of regular antenatal visits in order to identify women at risk for preterm birth as early as possible and to manage these cases according to the recommendations of the EPC program. since clinical efforts focus mainly on problem-solving rather than prevention.

The impact of pregnancy on the couple’s sex life

Rreze Dushullovc, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Hajrullah Fejza, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Pregnancy in most cases complicates the couple's sexual life. Given the level of sexual education of the population as well as the approach of health personnel in terms of sexuality it is expected that any change in a woman's life will inevitably have an impact on her sexuality. In the general population of the globe, 40-50% of women may have sexual dysfunction during their lifetime.The purpose of this research was to describe the possible changes in sexual behavior during pregnancy in couples and to give recommendations that will improve their sexual life. Methodology - For data collection we used the PSRI (Pregnancy Sexual Response Inventory) questionnaire, which was distributed via the Internet to pregnant women of different ages of pregnancy. The research was conducted in May-June 2020. The sample included 184 pregnant women. Results- Most pregnant women (55.4%) were 26-35 years old, in the third trimester were 45.7% of surveyed women, with university education were 64.1%, tobacco and alcohol consumers were less than 10% of them and planned pregnancies have stated 82.6%. The frequency of sexual activity decreased to 65.2% of pregnant women, sex life deteriorated to 45.1%, sexual desire decreased to 51.5% while difficulties in achieving orgasm were reported by 35.3% of women interviewed. As for the partner according to the assessment of the pregnant woman, 40.2% think that they do not have any problems in sexual functioning and 38% think that they have complaints. 86.4% of women interviewed think that their partner has no sexual difficulties.Conclusions - Based on our research, it turns out that most pregnant women have changes in their sex life as a result of pregnancy, and according to pregnant women, the impact of pregnancy on their partner is not very expressed.

The level of knowledge of women treated in primary care in Municipality of Peja related to early diagnosis of breast cancer

Vlera Gashi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Emine Disha, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Given that we have a steady increase in new cases of breast cancer and it is the second most common disease in women after skin cancer, then we chose to share information on breast building through this topic, changes occurring at different stages of lifelong development, to explain what is breast cancer, risk factors for breast cancer, to determine the initial symptoms, what are the types of treatment, how is the treatment divided according to the stages, what is the role of Nurses in the treatment of patients facing breast cancer, we will explain the assessment methods through which the diagnosis is determined, how we can influence the increase of the level of knowledge in women related to this disease. Purpose: The main purpose of this diploma thesis is precisely to raise awareness to the population of this country, to correctly inform them related to the possibility of prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of the breast cancer.Materials and methods: Quantitative data were collected by questionnaires containing closed questions, a total of 27 questions. Respondents are ladies treated at the main Family Medicine Center in the municipality of Peja during August. A total of 50 women were surveyed. For the realization of this work, the methods used, in addition to collecting quantitative data from the questionnaire, also include a review of the literature. The literature used to work on this thesis includes Oncology books, various scientific sources from the Internet, and various literature related to thesis. The data of the conducted questionnaire were coded to be analyzed with the VISIO program.Results: This research has been to determine the level of knowledge of women from the age of 40 regarding sympathies, routine screening for prevention or early diagnosis of breast cancer. We have come to the conclusion that there are advantages and disadvantages in our country in terms of the general information that the population in question possesses. The reason why this research is important lies in the fact that it reflects the current situation in our country, through this research, in addition to being informed about the current situation, we are oriented towards determining the possibilities of how to improve it.Discussion: The research results provided answers to the purpose and research questions regarding the level of knowledge of women treated in the primary care of the Municipality of Peja regarding the early diagnosis of breast cancer. The hypothesis has been approved based on the results of the paper.Conclusions: The results of the research clarified that the population in our country needs additional information and advice which will result in improvement of the current situation. Based on the recommendations given by the World Health Organization (WHO) - (http://who.int/) and adapting them to the capacity of our country.

Thoracic-lumbar approach with subcostal incision, in large kidney tumors

Isa Haxhiu, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Emirjon Haxhiu, Aeroport Prishtina, Kosovo
Lirije Grainca, 3.Poliklinika Urologjike , “Pro-Ren “ Ferizaj

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

In this paper we present the way of thoraco-lumbar approach to large kidney tumors, with additional, subcostal incisions, giving a better kidney appearance, ie the tumor and making the intervention easier and with fewer complications, you found operational intervention. Material and methods The material was taken from the protocol of the Clinic and the work reveals the work in our Clinic, in a period of five years. subcostal incision. This approach is commonly used for patients with large kidney tumors, with localization mainly in its upper pole and with infiltration of surrounding organs, such as the suprarenal glands, vena cava, and diaphragm. Results From all the cases worked with this approach, we have managed to access the renal hilus more easily, to progress the kidney from the surrounding tissues and not to have accompanying complications. It should be noted that even in cases where there has been a complication, such as crying of the vena cava or diaphragm, they are easily resolved. Conclusion It can be concluded that the thoracolumbar approach with subcostal incision is a very favorable approach for the surgeon and offers a better display of the renal hilus, but also of the organs close to the upper kidney pole, such as the suprarenal glands, diaphragm and vein. cava, which are not uncommon in collision with the tumor and should be treated with special care.

Ultrasound characteristics of carotid arteries in patients with coronary diseases

Shpend Abdushi, Policlinic of Internal Medicine and Cardiology “SHËNDETI”, Prizren, Republic of Kosovo
Sejran Abdushi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Fadil Kryeziu, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Cardiovascular disease is a national and international problem. They are the leading cause of death worldwide. Among them, 85% of deaths occur due to coronary artery disease and stroke. The aim of the study was to identify by ultrasound the atherosclerotic changes in the carotid arteries in patients with coronary heart disease.Material and methods: A sample of 215 subjects with coronary artery disease underwent ultrasound evaluation of the carotid arteries. They are classified into two groups: Group A, 130 (60.47%) with positive exercise test and Group B 85 (39.53%) with previously experienced myocardial infarction. They were assessed for the thickness of the CIMT, the presence and echographic characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques, and for the presence of significant stenoses (> 50%). Results: The average age of all subjects was 57.05 ± 8.63. In Group A, the thickness of CIMT was 0.78 (± 0.27) mm, while in Group B 0.80 (± 0.11) mm. No significant difference was observed between the groups (p> 0.1). The largest number of atherosclerotic plaques are found in the bulbus of the carotid arteries and in the ACI (53% and 35%), which is significantly higher than in the ACC and ACE (8% and 4%, p <0.01). Sonolucent atherosclerotic plaques were observed more frequently in Group B than in Group A (60.49% vs. 35.29%, p <0.01). With significant stenoses are identified 16.15% of individs in Group A, and in this case the difference was not significant (p> 0.1).Conclusions: Ultrasound evaluation of carotid arteries for CIMT, plaque morphology, and degree of stenosis may provide valuable additional information on preexisting cardiovascular risk and silent coronary artery disease in asymptomatic patients.

3:00 PM

Course and surgical treatment of colon cancer in abdominal surgery clinic

Ferat Sallahu, University Clinical Center of Kosova, Department of Abdominal Surgery
Altin Sallahu, University Clinical Center of Kosova, Department of Abdominal Surgery

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

Colorectal carcinoma coincidence factors are ulcerative colitis, familial polyposis, adenomatous familial polyposis, Crohn’s disease etc. Persons aged 45-70 years old are most commonly diagnosed with the disease. Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of death related to cancer after the cancer of the lungs.. Colorectal cancer is localized in rectum in 53% of patients, sigmoid colon 27%, transverse colon 11.5% and colon ascendant in 8.5 % of cases. In this study, the diagnostic methods, treatment, most frequent localization, gender and laboratory parameters in colorectal cancer are studied. From 109 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer were included in the study. 51 cases (46.8%) were men and 58 patients (53.2%) were women. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate resulted to be increased in 71 cases (65.1%), leukocytosis presented in 31 patients (28.4%); glycemia presented in 15 cases (7.2%). The most affected group age was 41-50 years old in 53 cases (34.6%), while the group age 20- 30 years old was affected in only 11 cases (7.2%). Localization of the cancer was most common in 79 patients (51.6%), sigmoid colon in 36 patients (23.5%), transverse colon in 21 patients (13.7%) and colon ascendant in 17 cases (13.8%).

Imaging data of Covid-19 lung infections. A retrospective analysis

Ilir Ahmetgjekaj, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Nagib Elshani, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Antigona Kabashi, Imaging Diagnostic Center "Prima" Prishtina

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

This study has a retrospective character and summarizes the imaging and clinical- laboratory data of patients examined at IDC Prima, from the first cases in Kosovo until the end of July.We have analysed and compared the imaging data from our patients with those of the publications of major world institutions, in particular with the European national imaging associations within the ESR, through ongoing regular correspondence and exchange of experiences in this field. First andforemost, the Chinese and Italians sources, who presented studies regarding this problem, hitherto unknown to the world,immediately after the first wave of the epidemic. The vast majority of patients had similar imaging data as the ones in publications from the aforementioned countries; nonetheless, we also found some elements that did not match, such as the presence of thoracic lymph nodes. A total of 52 patients were examined in this study.Conclusions have also been drawn about some consequences or sequences such as the interstitial fibrosis that pass into chronicity and may remain for a long time (this remains to be seen in the future).Particular emphasis was also placed on pulmonary and cerebral thromboembolism. We have considered some patients who have tested positive, for whom we have not found pathological imaging changes, but also patients with negative test results while the imaging showed pathological findings. Ultimately, the imaging findings of Covid-19 with pulmonary implications are sufficient for diagnosis, even in the absence of a positive PCR test. This reflects an extremely high specificity of diagnostic imaging, especially the Computed Tomography.

Levels of aminotransferases and lactate dehydrogenase in pregnant and preeclampsia fetuses

Ramadan Decaj, Head of Obstetric Gynecological Department - General Hospital Peja, Republic of Kosovo

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

Preeclampsia results in uteroplacental insufficiency which causes hypoxia to the fetus. Hypoxia causes biochemical changes in the fetal and pregnant liver by altering the concentration of biochemical parameters in maternal and fetal blood. Purpose of the study: to determine the level of aminotransferases (ALT, AST) and lactate dehydrogenase in pregnant and fetal / neonatus blood of normal and preeclamptic pregnancy Material and methods: 80 pregnant women were included in the study, 40 of whom had normal pregnancies and 40 preeclamptic pregnancies with increased retardation (IUGR), in both groups blood was drawn from the cubic vein to determine AST, ALT and LDH in pregnant women and the fetus/neonatus. Pregnancy age is determined by the formula of recent menstruation and fetal biometrics. Results were determined by the Mann-Whitney U test for non-parametric numerical variables destroyed in the independent groups. Results: AST values in pregnant women with preeclampsia are higher compared to physiological pregnancies [U = 521,500, z = 6.717, p <0.001]. ALT values in pregnant women with preeclampsia are higher than in physiological pregnant women [U = 554,000, z = 6,560, p <0.001]. LDH values are higher in preeclamptic pregnancy compared to physiological pregnancy [U = 1131.500, z = 3.509, p <0.001]. The AST values in fetal/neonatus blood with IUGR are higher than normal-growth fetal values [U = 1333,000, z = 2,454, p <0.014]. ALT values in the fetus/neonate with IUGR are higher compared to the fetus with normal growth [U = 908,000, z = 4,698, p <0.001]. LDH values in fetal/neonatus blood with IUGR are higher compared to fetuses with normal growth [U = 1203,000, z = 3.135, p <0.002]. Conclusions: In preeclamptic pregnancy the values of AST, ALT and LDH are higher compared to physiological pregnancy. In fetal/neonatus with IUGR values of AST, ALT, LDH are higher compared to normal-growing fetus/neonatus.

Localization of tamm-horsfall protein in different parts of the kidney in chronic tubulointerstitial diseases

Xhevat Kamberaj, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

The immunohistochemical method was applied with the aim of determining the localization of the Tamm-Horsfall protein in the intracellular areas of the different parts of the nephron,as well as its localization at the interstitium of the kidneys.Of the 101 cases with chronic tubulointerstitial diseases,48 were chronic obstructive pyelonephritis cases and 53 werw chronic nonobstructive pyelonephritis cases accompanied with a vesico-uretheral reflux.The methods that have been applied:Hematoxilin-eozin,PAS(Periodic Acid Schiff).After that,blocks of paraffin which proved PAS-pozitive were applied the specific immunohistochemical method,carried out with PAP reaction of the specific primary antibody(Tamm-Horsfall anti-beta-2glycoprotein).The immunocytochemical reaction was mainly the shape of(bigger or smaller) granular precipitates of dark on brown or yellow to brown color.Mosaic type reaction dominated all the preparations.The results reached at by the application of the immunohistochemical method show the presence of Tamm-Horsfall protein in the form of diffuse amorphous precipitates in the interstitium and chronic inflammatory infiltrates and macrophages gathering around them.This method also enables us to distinguish the presence of this protein substance,in the granular or mosaic form,in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells of the distal tubules of nephron,as well in the macrophages seated in the interstitium,mainly around the amorphous precipitates of this protein.In other parts of the nephron the immunocytochemical reaction was negative.

Massive ancient shwannoma of thoracic cavity. Case report

Shqiptar Demaçi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Mirsad Ukshini, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Fitim Selimi, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Saliha Sh. Krasniqi, University for Business and Technology

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

Schwannoma is a neurogenic benign tumour arising from the proliferation of Schwann cells present in the peripheral nerve sheath of myelinated nerves. This proliferation can hypothetically appear in every anatomic region of the human body. In this paper the authors discuss the case of a 49-year-old female who presented to Pulmologic Clinic with problems of mild respiratory difficulties and radiological findings of massive shadow on 4/5 of thoracic cavity. After transthoracic biopsy and nonconclusive diagnosis patient is transferred on Thoracic Clinic for open surgery.The patient underwent electively open left thoracotomy and a single-step surgical excision treatment of the mass which was recognized as a ancient schwannoma at pathological examination. After 12 months of followup, the patient is free of disease and without respiratory difficulties.

Prevalence and correlates of inappropriate use of benzodiazepines in kosovo

Zejdush Tahiri, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Driton Shabani, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Genc Burazeri, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

In post-war Kosovo, the magnitude of inappropriate use of enzodiazepines is unknown to date. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of continuation of intake of benzodiazepines beyond prescription (referred to as ‘‘inappropriate use’’) in the adult population of Gjilan region in Kosovo.Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Gjilan region in 2015 including a representative sample of 780 individuals attending different pharmacies and reporting use of benzodiazepines (385 men and 395 women; age range 18–87 years; response rate: 90%). A structured questionnaire was administered to all participants inquiring about the use of benzodiazepines and socio-demographic characteristics.Results: Overall, the prevalence of inappropriate use of benzodiazepines was 58%. In multivariable-adjusted models, inappropriate use of benzodiazepines was significantly associated with older age (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1–2.7), middle education (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.2–2.7), daily use (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1–2.0) and addiction awareness (OR 2.7, 95% CI 2.0–3.8). Furthermore, there was evidence of a borderline relationship with rural residence (OR 1.2, 95% CI 0.9–1.7).Conclusion: Our study provides novel evidence about the prevalence and selected correlates of inappropriate use of benzodiazepines in Gjilan region of Kosovo. Health professionals and policymakers in Kosovo should be aware of the magnitude and determinants of drug misuse in this transitional society.

Prevalence of alergic diseases and analysis of adolescents nutrition in the municipality of ferizaj

Ibadete Bucaliu Ismajli, University Clinical Center, Neurology Clinic, Prishtina, Kosovo
Arieta Hasani Alidema, University Clinical Center, Neurology Clinic, Prishtina, Kosovo
Fitim Alidema, University for Business and Technology

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

Allergic diseases, including asthma, rhinitis and eczema with a clinical burden on the quality of life of those affected, pose a global public health challenge from the growing trend of their spread,The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) provided incomparable opportunities to explore tendencies in the prevalence of allergic diseases and their risk factors over time in children. Reports based on the ISAAC study revealed the existence of differences between and within countries in the spread of allergic diseases.Despite advances in understanding the pathophysiology of allergic diseases and the growing number of treatment options, the relationship between the increased prevalence of allergic diseases and the interaction between genetics and environmental factors has been established as the main determinants of this increase.Many studies have shown the role of diet as a major factor influencing immune homeostasis and the development of allergic diseases through a complex interaction between nutrients, their metabolites, and the immune cell population.Purpose: To assess the prevalence of allergic diseases in adolescents in the city of Ferizaj, Kosovo, in 2017 using the questionnaire of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), then to compare our results with the prevalence found in the studies conducted of other countries and the analysis of the possibility of the impact of diets as risk factors compared to global data.Methodology: The study included primary school students in the municipality of Ferizaj, a sample of 891 adolescents (487 females and 404 males), the study started in June 2017 to November 2017 and the study activities were carried out by the MCFM Health Education group , Ferizaj.Results ISAAC studies in children aged 13 to 14 years, the 12-month prevalence of eczema, asthma and rhinitis symptoms show ranges from 0.2% to 24.6%, from 3.4% to 31.2%, and from 4.5% to 45.1% between countries globally. Findings in our study show the prevalence for asthma at 2.13%, for allergic rhinitis 29.41% and eczema at 3.03%. Also the analysis of the relationship on a global level between food consumption and the appearance of disease symptoms ,confirmed the protective effect of fruit consumption ≥ 3 times a week (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.94) and the effect as a risk factor in the occurrence of symptoms of consumption of fast food (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.33). Analysis of data from our study in terms of risk factor assessment resulted in protective impact of fruit consumption (OR 0.64, 95% CI 0.31 to 0.31) and risk impact for fast food (OR 1.06 (0.91 to 1.08). Conclusions: The findings of our study provided data on the understanding of the epidemiological situation of adolescents in the city of Ferizaj with allergic diseases, explicitly the relationship between them, since in number represents the condition of allergic rhinitis. Analyzing the possibility of the impact of food products in predicting the severity of allergic symptoms, the study provided us with information on the more pronounced negative impact of processed foods (fast food) on the condition of eczema compared to the other two allergic conditions.

The impact of social networks on representation of depression in high school students

Valdete Serreqi Alidema, University for Business and Technology - UBT
Xhemile Dashi, Klinika e Psikiatrisë, SHSKUK Prishtinë
Fitim Alidema, University for Business and Technology
Shukrije Statovci, Klinika e Psikiatrisë, SHSKUK Prishtinë

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

Adolescents experience depression in a very similar way to adults, but they can experience their emotions more intensely and with greater instability. Depression in adolescence comes at a time of great personal change - when boys and girls start forming a distinct identity from their parents, they encounter gender and sexuality issues, and begin to make decisions for the first time in their lives. Research shows that online social networks have recently started to get a greater increase in usage among elementary and high school students. They spend a considerable amount of time on social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter and so on, turning them into a daily activitiy in their lives and then starting to exhibit classic symptoms of depression. In order to research the level of depression in “Gjon Buzuku”high school studentsin Prizren, we used Beck's for Depression (Beck's Depression Inventory) as well as the self-report form for the use of social networks. Participants in the research were (N = 47, participants, M mean = 16.7, DS = standard deviation DS = 12.07, respondents of both sexes, where female gender dominated with 27 respondents or 57.45%). For participants' depression the overall score was interpreted as follows: 3% of participants resulted in minimal depression, 40% of participants resulted in mild depression, 49% of participants resulted in moderate depression and 8% in severe depression . This research will contribute both theoretically and practically by raising the awareness of educational institutions in the process of their functioning and in preserving the health of students to increase the quality of teaching. The results of this scientific research can be used for analyzing similar situations in other school institutions in both public and private institutions.

The importance of antenatal health care physiotherapy in pregnant women in the maternity of main family medicine center in prishtina

Ardiana Hajdiri, University for Business and Technology - UBT

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

The importance of physiotherapy in antenatal health care provides many benefits for pregnant women where the main goals is to remove back pain, increase physical and psychological preparation for childbirth. Physiotherapeutic health care is very important to practice it during pregnancy. The quality of life during pregnancy and the effectiveness of physiotherapeutic interventions have not been previously studied in Pristina. Aim: Was to investigate the level of awareness about the importance of physiotherapy in antenatal health care and how much pregnant women are guided to physiotherapeutic visits during pregnancy.Methods: The importance of physiotherapy was assessed by 55 pregnant women in a period of 4 months between November 2019 - and February 2020 at Family Medicine Center in Prishtina, using self-administered questionnaires.Data were obtained on demographic characteristics, chronic diseases, low back pain, physical activity as well as their knowledge and perception of the importance of physiotherapy in prenatal care. Results: Among 55 women: 33 were housewives, 17 were working women and 5 were students.Knowledge of the importance of physiotherapy in pregnant women was 34% (n = 55) awareness of physiotherapy interventions in antenatal health care was 25% (n = 55), giving instructions for physiotherapeutic visits by other health professionals there is also a very low percentage of 2% (n = 55), only 16% (n = 55) were following the exercise program through various websites.Conclusions: The importance and role of physiotherapy in antenatal health care among pregnant women is unsatisfactory. Measures should be taken to increase their knowledge and improve their awareness of the role of antenatal physiotherapy, to consult and refer for meetings with the physiotherapist health professional to determine moderate physical activity and to be informed through written materials for the importance and effect of physiotherapy during prenatal and postpartum periods.

The use of β-blockers on the elderly in kosovo

Fitim Alidema, University for Business and Technology
Fatjon Gjonbalaj, University Clinical Center, Neurology Clinic, Prishtina, Kosovo
Arianeta Hasani Alidema, University Clinical Center, Neurology Clinic, Prishtina, Kosovo

Lipjan, Kosovo

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

With the aging of the population there are a lot of changes, where diseases of the cardiovascular system are among the major causes of death of the population. Changes in cardiovascular physiology result in effects as well as reaction to their treatments. It is very important that we in the future as nurses know as much as possible about the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and the side effects that are present at this age. Purpose: The research was done in order to understand how big the use of β-blocker drugs is in the elderly. In which cases will a drug from the group of β-blockers be prescribed, and which of this description is used more, is it given as monotherapy or in combination with other drugs, at what age does this therapy take more, and most importantly what positive effects and negative can be brought about by the use of these medications. Materials and methods: For the answers to the research questions and the provision of data it was necessary to cooperate with the cardiology clinic - QKUK - Prishtina, where during the all questions asked, a cardiologist answered me, also I had special help from the head nurse of that department. Results: Male gender is the most affected, where in 50 patients, 40 of them use β-blockers, and the most used drug at this age is Metoprolol. β-blockers are mostly combined with a drug called ‘Aspirin’. Discussion: The answers I received have been enough to complete my research and raise our awareness as a health worker in the future. Conclusions: The group of β-blockers had a fairly large use in old age. As health professionals we need to have knowledge about the condition of patients before and after treatment. including: regular check-ups, access to the best possible therapy, maintaining a good diet over food uses, and good physical activity recommendations.