Event Title

Assessment of the participation of students in physical activities during pandemic of covid-19

Session

Sport, Health and Society

Description

Physical education aims to prepare students with the basic knowledge and skills in order to have a healthy lifestyle and a certain level of fitness that guarantees better health. Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle that requires energy expenditure - including activities undertaken while working, playing, doing household chores, traveling, and engaging in recreation (Vuori, I. 2018). Different methods and techniques are used to assess students' participation in physical activities, such as: behavioral observation, physiological questionnaires such as heart rates, calorimetry and motion sensors. Accelerometry and doubled water are considered the most objective methods, but they require special equipment and are more difficult to use with children, especially on a larger scale. Questionnaires are often the only feasible method of assessing habitual physical activity in large populations because they are easy to administer, relatively inexpensive and noninvasive (Friedenreich CM et al., 2006; Shephard RJ, 2003). The research included 717 students, 422 females and 297 males, aged 10-15 years from the main regions of Kosovo. The research was conducted during June 2020 as in the previous months there were more stringent restrictions on movement during the day, while in June the restraint measures were released and most of the day the movement was free. An abbreviated version of the IPAQ-SF questionnaire was used (Pate, R. R., et al.1995). Out of a total of 719 participants, 297 were boys and 422 were women. The average body height of students aged 10-15 is 162.01cm, while body weight 53.59kg. The result of the body mass index shows that 66.67% of boys are with normal body weight, while for girls this value is 67.44%. In terms of overweight, the scores of boys (33.33%) are higher than those of girls (24.88%). Students sit for an average of 2.79 hours a day. In terms of moderate physical activity students are active 3.67 days a week and 32.85 minutes during a day. Students do strenuous physical activity about 3 days a week (3.27), while during the day they do 25.45 minutes. Student physical activity is also converted into expended energy (Ainsworth, B. E., 2000). The obtained results show that the amount of energy expended with moderate physical activity is only 531.16 MET / min / week, while with moderate physical activity it is 762.62 MET / min / week. The total energy consumed was 1293.78 MET / min / week. Moderate and vigorous activities do not meet the required criteria, so it can be said that Kosovar children during the pandemic did below average physical activity. Decreased physical activity in children is a global phenomenon (Goran MI, et al., 1999). Of course, the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in decreased student physical activity given movement limitations and the development of online learning which has reduced mobility requirements. This situation will have its consequences as it is known that the children have been completely deprived of movement for about 3 months, before the easing of restrictive measures began and the children returned to the school benches on a part-time basis.

Keywords:

Physical activity, assessment, students, questionnaire, MET

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-550-47-5

First Page

1

Last Page

2

Location

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Start Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

End Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2021.73

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Oct 30th, 12:00 AM Oct 30th, 12:00 AM

Assessment of the participation of students in physical activities during pandemic of covid-19

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Physical education aims to prepare students with the basic knowledge and skills in order to have a healthy lifestyle and a certain level of fitness that guarantees better health. Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle that requires energy expenditure - including activities undertaken while working, playing, doing household chores, traveling, and engaging in recreation (Vuori, I. 2018). Different methods and techniques are used to assess students' participation in physical activities, such as: behavioral observation, physiological questionnaires such as heart rates, calorimetry and motion sensors. Accelerometry and doubled water are considered the most objective methods, but they require special equipment and are more difficult to use with children, especially on a larger scale. Questionnaires are often the only feasible method of assessing habitual physical activity in large populations because they are easy to administer, relatively inexpensive and noninvasive (Friedenreich CM et al., 2006; Shephard RJ, 2003). The research included 717 students, 422 females and 297 males, aged 10-15 years from the main regions of Kosovo. The research was conducted during June 2020 as in the previous months there were more stringent restrictions on movement during the day, while in June the restraint measures were released and most of the day the movement was free. An abbreviated version of the IPAQ-SF questionnaire was used (Pate, R. R., et al.1995). Out of a total of 719 participants, 297 were boys and 422 were women. The average body height of students aged 10-15 is 162.01cm, while body weight 53.59kg. The result of the body mass index shows that 66.67% of boys are with normal body weight, while for girls this value is 67.44%. In terms of overweight, the scores of boys (33.33%) are higher than those of girls (24.88%). Students sit for an average of 2.79 hours a day. In terms of moderate physical activity students are active 3.67 days a week and 32.85 minutes during a day. Students do strenuous physical activity about 3 days a week (3.27), while during the day they do 25.45 minutes. Student physical activity is also converted into expended energy (Ainsworth, B. E., 2000). The obtained results show that the amount of energy expended with moderate physical activity is only 531.16 MET / min / week, while with moderate physical activity it is 762.62 MET / min / week. The total energy consumed was 1293.78 MET / min / week. Moderate and vigorous activities do not meet the required criteria, so it can be said that Kosovar children during the pandemic did below average physical activity. Decreased physical activity in children is a global phenomenon (Goran MI, et al., 1999). Of course, the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in decreased student physical activity given movement limitations and the development of online learning which has reduced mobility requirements. This situation will have its consequences as it is known that the children have been completely deprived of movement for about 3 months, before the easing of restrictive measures began and the children returned to the school benches on a part-time basis.