Event Title

A Review on the Kosovo’s Challenge on Green Energy Generation and Paris Climate Agreement

Session

Architecture and Spatial Planning

Description

Global warming is evident and many scientific researches prove that anthropogenic activity, through emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) is the cause. The main cause is the increase of CO2 levels caused by human activity. Since the industrialization our world is 1°C warmer. Global community, through agreements and protocols, aims that by the end of this century to keep the temperature rise 2°C or below the average temperature of pre-industrial levels. Efforts are made to limit this rise to 1.5°C. Recent decades trends shows that by the end of 21st century the temperature rise could be 3-5°C. This would be catastrophic to the Earth average temperature with unpredicted natural disasters as consequence. In order to limit and mitigate the CO2 emissions, developed and poor countries collaborate and come together under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to limit and adapt to climate impacts caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. In 2015 in Paris, 196 countries reached and signed what is known as Paris Climate Agreement (PCA) to limit this temperature rise and set target of net-zero CO2 emissions by 2050. On the other side, in light of the PCA long-term global goals, European Union (EU) has set goal that by 2050 to reduce the emission levels of greenhouse gas emissions by 80 to 95 percent compared to 1990. The scientific consensus is that temperature rise is caused by the increase emissions of CO2. Globally, only the electricity generation contributes with 40% to the total GHG emissions by burning fossil fuels. In Kosovo, only 5% of energy is from renewable sources, 95% is from thermal power plants (TPP) with lignite as fuel which annually emits more than 6Mt of CO2. Although this is minuscule compared to great contributors to GHG emission, Kosovo, although not being a signatory to the UNFCCC, but having a clear European perspective should set a legal framework and commitment to align with world and EU legislation and acknowledge its responsibility to achieve the PCA objectives. This is the aim of this study.

Keywords:

Kosovo, green energy, global warming, Paris Agreement

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-550-47-5

Location

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Start Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

End Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2021.37

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Oct 30th, 12:00 AM Oct 30th, 12:00 AM

A Review on the Kosovo’s Challenge on Green Energy Generation and Paris Climate Agreement

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Global warming is evident and many scientific researches prove that anthropogenic activity, through emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) is the cause. The main cause is the increase of CO2 levels caused by human activity. Since the industrialization our world is 1°C warmer. Global community, through agreements and protocols, aims that by the end of this century to keep the temperature rise 2°C or below the average temperature of pre-industrial levels. Efforts are made to limit this rise to 1.5°C. Recent decades trends shows that by the end of 21st century the temperature rise could be 3-5°C. This would be catastrophic to the Earth average temperature with unpredicted natural disasters as consequence. In order to limit and mitigate the CO2 emissions, developed and poor countries collaborate and come together under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to limit and adapt to climate impacts caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. In 2015 in Paris, 196 countries reached and signed what is known as Paris Climate Agreement (PCA) to limit this temperature rise and set target of net-zero CO2 emissions by 2050. On the other side, in light of the PCA long-term global goals, European Union (EU) has set goal that by 2050 to reduce the emission levels of greenhouse gas emissions by 80 to 95 percent compared to 1990. The scientific consensus is that temperature rise is caused by the increase emissions of CO2. Globally, only the electricity generation contributes with 40% to the total GHG emissions by burning fossil fuels. In Kosovo, only 5% of energy is from renewable sources, 95% is from thermal power plants (TPP) with lignite as fuel which annually emits more than 6Mt of CO2. Although this is minuscule compared to great contributors to GHG emission, Kosovo, although not being a signatory to the UNFCCC, but having a clear European perspective should set a legal framework and commitment to align with world and EU legislation and acknowledge its responsibility to achieve the PCA objectives. This is the aim of this study.