Event Title

THE ROLE OF DIPLOMACY TO END THE WAR IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA 1992-1995

Presenter Information

Ramiz Ismajli
Adnan Sogojeva

Session

Political Science

Description

Numerous diplomats have arrived in the troubled Balkans since the wars began in the early 90s. Equipped with diplomatic knowledge and a multi-disciplinary education, they nevertheless returned defeated. This was the fate of the diplomacy of Lord Carrington, Cutileiro, Vance, Owen, Stoltenberg. It turned out that they were unprepared for the Balkan "cuisine" of unresolved situations, as well as especially unprepared to face the irresponsibility for the given word. The dictator in Belgrade had a deceptive "charm" and repeatedly managed to block Western diplomacy. Most of the diplomats who faced him, with or without intent, gave him extra time to enable him to carry out his plans. As his armies and militias carried out ethnic cleansing, and by destroying everything they were drawing the boundaries of a "pure" ethnic state, he was maneuvering as a peacekeeper and deftly easily managed to impose himself excessive self-confidence. The unprepared diplomacy and the bluff of political actors, were fatal combination for the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Finally, the situation changed in the second part of 1995, when a military balance was more or less giving the result on the military ground. Bosnian Government forces with the assistance of Croatian forces (from Croatia also) were imposing a great pressure to international community while seriously threatening to put Banja Luka under their control. On the other side, the US diplomacy started to be more involved. A final agreement was signed in Dayton, Ohio by creating two territorial entities and by dividing the territory of the country on pre-decided proportion of 51-49. Only the question of Brcko remained unclear.

Keywords:

Diplomacy, Proposal, Ethnic, Entity, War, Agreement, Territory.

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-550-47-5

Location

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Start Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

End Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2021.243

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Oct 30th, 12:00 AM Oct 30th, 12:00 AM

THE ROLE OF DIPLOMACY TO END THE WAR IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA 1992-1995

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Numerous diplomats have arrived in the troubled Balkans since the wars began in the early 90s. Equipped with diplomatic knowledge and a multi-disciplinary education, they nevertheless returned defeated. This was the fate of the diplomacy of Lord Carrington, Cutileiro, Vance, Owen, Stoltenberg. It turned out that they were unprepared for the Balkan "cuisine" of unresolved situations, as well as especially unprepared to face the irresponsibility for the given word. The dictator in Belgrade had a deceptive "charm" and repeatedly managed to block Western diplomacy. Most of the diplomats who faced him, with or without intent, gave him extra time to enable him to carry out his plans. As his armies and militias carried out ethnic cleansing, and by destroying everything they were drawing the boundaries of a "pure" ethnic state, he was maneuvering as a peacekeeper and deftly easily managed to impose himself excessive self-confidence. The unprepared diplomacy and the bluff of political actors, were fatal combination for the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Finally, the situation changed in the second part of 1995, when a military balance was more or less giving the result on the military ground. Bosnian Government forces with the assistance of Croatian forces (from Croatia also) were imposing a great pressure to international community while seriously threatening to put Banja Luka under their control. On the other side, the US diplomacy started to be more involved. A final agreement was signed in Dayton, Ohio by creating two territorial entities and by dividing the territory of the country on pre-decided proportion of 51-49. Only the question of Brcko remained unclear.