Event Title

Determination of the Drinking Water Quality Based on Diatoms

Session

Agriculture, Food Science and Technology

Description

Diatoms are a major group of algae, specifically microalgae, found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world. The purpose of this research has been the analysis of the composition of diatomaceous algae, and based on this the biological quality of water in eight periphyton samples, collected at different sampling points, starting from the open channel coming from the river Ibri to the interior of the biggest drinking water treatment plant in Shkabaj (Northern Kosovo). Based on the constituent structure of the periphyton, the nutrient diatom index (TDI) was calculated and the biological quality of the water was classified according to Rott et al. (1999). The number of species is seen to be variable in relation to the sampling points. TDI fluctuates from to 3.3, relatively high for the nutritional status of the waters. As a result, the quality of the eight sampling points varied from the eutrophic level (before entering the water channel, in the middle of the water channel, at the exit of the water channel, and inside the factory at the pre-treatment location) to oligotrophic level at the end of the treatment stage. This quality generally belongs to the waters that are polluted with many nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus), it is thought that in such waters the values of total phosphorus range from 30-100 µg / l to over 650 µg / l. The obtained results indicate an adequate water treatment, and in terms of biological monitoring, the water we have analyzed does not pose a potential risk to human health.

Keywords:

Diatoms, Water, Trophic Diatom Index (TDI), Periphyton, Eutrophication, Oligotrophication

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-550-47-5

Location

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Start Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

End Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2021.346

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Oct 30th, 12:00 AM Oct 30th, 12:00 AM

Determination of the Drinking Water Quality Based on Diatoms

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Diatoms are a major group of algae, specifically microalgae, found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world. The purpose of this research has been the analysis of the composition of diatomaceous algae, and based on this the biological quality of water in eight periphyton samples, collected at different sampling points, starting from the open channel coming from the river Ibri to the interior of the biggest drinking water treatment plant in Shkabaj (Northern Kosovo). Based on the constituent structure of the periphyton, the nutrient diatom index (TDI) was calculated and the biological quality of the water was classified according to Rott et al. (1999). The number of species is seen to be variable in relation to the sampling points. TDI fluctuates from to 3.3, relatively high for the nutritional status of the waters. As a result, the quality of the eight sampling points varied from the eutrophic level (before entering the water channel, in the middle of the water channel, at the exit of the water channel, and inside the factory at the pre-treatment location) to oligotrophic level at the end of the treatment stage. This quality generally belongs to the waters that are polluted with many nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus), it is thought that in such waters the values of total phosphorus range from 30-100 µg / l to over 650 µg / l. The obtained results indicate an adequate water treatment, and in terms of biological monitoring, the water we have analyzed does not pose a potential risk to human health.