Event Title

Assessing quality of life using the oral health impact profile

Session

Dental Sciences

Description

Oral conditions impact on the individual’s health and quality of life. The use of a valid and reliable instrument provides accuracy in the measurement of this impact. This study aimed to assess the evidence of validity and reliability of the Oral Health Impact Profile instrument (OHIP-14) among patients requiring prosthodontic rehabilitationfrom UBT Collage Dental University Clinic. A total of 20 patients participated in the study. The OHIP-14 and intraoral examinations were performed. Using OHIP-14, we assessed seven different dimensions, considering the perception of the individual in relation to the impact of oral conditions in the physical, psychological, andsocial well-being in the last six months. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software program was used to determine the regressions and coefficients.Psychological discomfort and handicap were thebiggest complaints of patients who need prosthodontic treatments. The OHIP-14 proved to be a valid and reliable instrument for the assessment of the impact of oral health and might be used as a complementary tool to the traditional methods of assessing the need for dental treatment in prosthodontics. It is an instrument that might help in the exploration of oral health needs and in the elaboration of strategies, in order to reduce the development of diseases and to promote oral health with positive impact on the quality of life.

Keywords:

prosthodontic patients, oral health-related quality of life, oral health impact profile

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-550-47-5

Location

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Start Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

End Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2021.340

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Oct 30th, 12:00 AM Oct 30th, 12:00 AM

Assessing quality of life using the oral health impact profile

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Oral conditions impact on the individual’s health and quality of life. The use of a valid and reliable instrument provides accuracy in the measurement of this impact. This study aimed to assess the evidence of validity and reliability of the Oral Health Impact Profile instrument (OHIP-14) among patients requiring prosthodontic rehabilitationfrom UBT Collage Dental University Clinic. A total of 20 patients participated in the study. The OHIP-14 and intraoral examinations were performed. Using OHIP-14, we assessed seven different dimensions, considering the perception of the individual in relation to the impact of oral conditions in the physical, psychological, andsocial well-being in the last six months. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software program was used to determine the regressions and coefficients.Psychological discomfort and handicap were thebiggest complaints of patients who need prosthodontic treatments. The OHIP-14 proved to be a valid and reliable instrument for the assessment of the impact of oral health and might be used as a complementary tool to the traditional methods of assessing the need for dental treatment in prosthodontics. It is an instrument that might help in the exploration of oral health needs and in the elaboration of strategies, in order to reduce the development of diseases and to promote oral health with positive impact on the quality of life.