food industry, foreign trade, diversification, Herfindahl-Hirschman Index


The embargo introduced in August 2014 by Russia on the food products imported from the European Union caused a strong decline in sales of food from Poland in this country. The aim of the article is to analyse the current trends and prospects of development of Polish agrifood trade with the EU and non-EU countries in 2013-2016. A special attention was paid on changes in geographical structure and the level of diversification of Polish food exports as a result of the export restriction. The analysis shows that the situation on the Russian market influenced the growth of the food exports from Poland both to the EU and non-UE markets. In the recent years, the role of third countries in Polish exports of agri-food products has steadily increased, however the trade with these countries is still relatively low and concentrated on selected products.



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