Session

Architecture

Description

The expansion of Islam did multiply the number of cities to the edge of the desert, transforming the nomadic tribes in urban populations. For a good Muslim cannot be a better practice of the religion if not in the city, in the "Friday Mosque" for common prayers. Life in the city is considered a condition of moral perfection and been fixed in one place, giving up the nomadic life. The urban culture in Islam is formed and developed through a series of contributions, derived from the traditions of construction and urban structures of the pre-Islamic city. Arabia and the countries of first conquest, gravitated into the orbit of Hellenistic and Roman world on one hand, and on the other on the Persian world orbit. Inside the ancient pattern, appeared new elements that will become hallmarks of the Islamic city: the palace, the mosque and the rows of shops that prefigure the ‘souks’ of more mature urban forms. The Islamic urbanism rejects any intentional and planned process, in which the city would be first designed and then implemented. The city had always been a spontaneous creation for the Muslim community. Everything will continue to persist even after the advent of Islam, with the addition of the religion and politics. Islam is a religion of the creative city: the very choice of the site is determined by religious factors. Tirana was born as an variation of an Islamic city typology. Through the years appeared various urban typology design in Albanian territory. A part of the Islamic city tissue was replaced. Analyzing and understanding how the city has been created, explains how it function. In this way we understand the importance of this urban tissue which we can still find in Tirana.

Keywords:

Tirana, Islamic city, Urban identity, Culture

Session Chair

Ajhan Bajmaku

Session Co-Chair

Lulzim Beqiri

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-437-33-2

First Page

238

Last Page

243

Location

Durres, Albania

Start Date

7-11-2014 2:00 PM

End Date

7-11-2014 2:15 PM

Included in

Architecture Commons

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Nov 7th, 2:00 PM Nov 7th, 2:15 PM

Ottoman - Bizantin city case, Tirana - birth of a city

Durres, Albania

The expansion of Islam did multiply the number of cities to the edge of the desert, transforming the nomadic tribes in urban populations. For a good Muslim cannot be a better practice of the religion if not in the city, in the "Friday Mosque" for common prayers. Life in the city is considered a condition of moral perfection and been fixed in one place, giving up the nomadic life. The urban culture in Islam is formed and developed through a series of contributions, derived from the traditions of construction and urban structures of the pre-Islamic city. Arabia and the countries of first conquest, gravitated into the orbit of Hellenistic and Roman world on one hand, and on the other on the Persian world orbit. Inside the ancient pattern, appeared new elements that will become hallmarks of the Islamic city: the palace, the mosque and the rows of shops that prefigure the ‘souks’ of more mature urban forms. The Islamic urbanism rejects any intentional and planned process, in which the city would be first designed and then implemented. The city had always been a spontaneous creation for the Muslim community. Everything will continue to persist even after the advent of Islam, with the addition of the religion and politics. Islam is a religion of the creative city: the very choice of the site is determined by religious factors. Tirana was born as an variation of an Islamic city typology. Through the years appeared various urban typology design in Albanian territory. A part of the Islamic city tissue was replaced. Analyzing and understanding how the city has been created, explains how it function. In this way we understand the importance of this urban tissue which we can still find in Tirana.