Event Title

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTS 'EDUCATIONAL STYLES AND SMOKING HABITS IN CHILDREN

Session

Medicine and Nursing

Description

Introduction: Risky behavior is a serious public health problem in EU countries. Many diseases in adolescents are the result of risky behaviors associated with smoking habits. The problems that lead to the presence of risky behavior can be sought in the poor quality of the family life and the inappropriate way of upbringing.

Purpose of the paper: To determine the connection of the educational styles of the parents with the smoking habits of the adolescents.

Material and methods: Conducted is a cross-sectional study of a sample of 600 respondents, students from primary and secondary schools in the territory of the Polog region. The scale intended for assessing the educational styles of parents - "Egna Minnen Batraffande Uppfostran" (EMBU) was applied, as well as the survey questionnaire from the "Global Survey on Adolescent Health". Statistical analysis of the data obtained from the survey was performed in the statistical program SPS 17.0.

Results and discussion: The structure of the respondents consisted of 264 (44%) male and 336 (56%) female students. The ethnic structure of the students consisted of 300 Macedonian and 300 Albanian students, where 172 (28.67%) were students from IX grade, 203 (33.83%) from I year high school, and 225 (37.5%) were students from II -year high school.

161 students declared themselves as smokers, ie the prevalence of smoking in the examined group was 26.8%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that: inconsistency (p = 0.005), emotional warmth and acceptance (p = 0.037), and favoritism (p = 0.001) are maternal upbringing styles that are significantly associated with the development of adolescent smoking habits. Multivariate Logistic Regression analysis as educational styles by the father significantly associated with the development of cigarette smoking in children, confirmed: inconsistency (p = 0.045), rejection (p = 0.045) and favoritism (p = 0.007).

Conclusion: The results of research have shown that the educational styles of parents have a significant impact on the risky behavior of adolescents in terms of cigarette smoking.

Keywords:

educational styles, parents, adolescents, cigarette smoking.

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-550-47-5

Location

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Start Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

End Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2021.176

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
Oct 30th, 12:00 AM Oct 30th, 12:00 AM

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTS 'EDUCATIONAL STYLES AND SMOKING HABITS IN CHILDREN

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Introduction: Risky behavior is a serious public health problem in EU countries. Many diseases in adolescents are the result of risky behaviors associated with smoking habits. The problems that lead to the presence of risky behavior can be sought in the poor quality of the family life and the inappropriate way of upbringing.

Purpose of the paper: To determine the connection of the educational styles of the parents with the smoking habits of the adolescents.

Material and methods: Conducted is a cross-sectional study of a sample of 600 respondents, students from primary and secondary schools in the territory of the Polog region. The scale intended for assessing the educational styles of parents - "Egna Minnen Batraffande Uppfostran" (EMBU) was applied, as well as the survey questionnaire from the "Global Survey on Adolescent Health". Statistical analysis of the data obtained from the survey was performed in the statistical program SPS 17.0.

Results and discussion: The structure of the respondents consisted of 264 (44%) male and 336 (56%) female students. The ethnic structure of the students consisted of 300 Macedonian and 300 Albanian students, where 172 (28.67%) were students from IX grade, 203 (33.83%) from I year high school, and 225 (37.5%) were students from II -year high school.

161 students declared themselves as smokers, ie the prevalence of smoking in the examined group was 26.8%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that: inconsistency (p = 0.005), emotional warmth and acceptance (p = 0.037), and favoritism (p = 0.001) are maternal upbringing styles that are significantly associated with the development of adolescent smoking habits. Multivariate Logistic Regression analysis as educational styles by the father significantly associated with the development of cigarette smoking in children, confirmed: inconsistency (p = 0.045), rejection (p = 0.045) and favoritism (p = 0.007).

Conclusion: The results of research have shown that the educational styles of parents have a significant impact on the risky behavior of adolescents in terms of cigarette smoking.