Event Title

Identify individual, contextual, parenting style factors in reporting violence and their relationship to Tepelena district schools

Session

Medicine and Nursing

Description

School and family are key players in maintaining a healthy society. The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between individual, contextual and parenting factors in reporting atmosphere, psychological well-being, victimization and violence in Tepelena district schools. The study has a mixed design consisting of quantitative, qualitative and observational methodologies. The study methodology involves hierarchically overlapping multiple analyzes. Sampling in school selection was appropriate while classes were selected according to spatial sampling. The self-report questionnaires used are: The California School Climate and Safety Syrvey (CSCSS), Kessler-10 and Scale of Parenting Style (SPS). In addition, the qualitative House-Tree-Person (HTP) test and observation were used. 375 questionnaires were administered in 5 district 9-year schools. The mean age of the sample is (M = 14.2, SD = 1.33) among which 144 are boys (47.7%) and 210 girls (59.3%). SPSS software version 22.0 was used for data analysis. The analysis showed that students reported low levels of violence and forms of victimization. Quality tests and observation did not support these results. Reporting of school risk factors was low while the presence of firearms and drug use was noted. There were statistically significant relationships between the presence of violence, school atmosphere, psychological well-being, school victimization, family atmosphere, and parenting style. Situation and satisfaction in the family are predictors of the school atmosphere. It is noted that student recognition of rules increases with increasing responsiveness and accountability / control by both parents and vice versa and there is a strong relationship between knowledge of rules against violence and maternal accountability. The study recommends organizing meetings and seminars among psychologists, parents, teachers and / or students as well as longitudinal studies to look at changing factors related to school atmosphere, psychological well-being, perceived parenting styles, and violence by experts in the field. The recommendation relates specifically to schools in rural areas.

Keywords:

Parenting style, Violence, Psychological Well-being, Adolescence.

Session Chair

Haki Jashari

Session Co-Chair

Eglantina Kraja Bardhi

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-550-19-2

Location

Pristina, Kosovo

Start Date

26-10-2019 3:30 PM

End Date

26-10-2019 5:00 PM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2019.320

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Oct 26th, 3:30 PM Oct 26th, 5:00 PM

Identify individual, contextual, parenting style factors in reporting violence and their relationship to Tepelena district schools

Pristina, Kosovo

School and family are key players in maintaining a healthy society. The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between individual, contextual and parenting factors in reporting atmosphere, psychological well-being, victimization and violence in Tepelena district schools. The study has a mixed design consisting of quantitative, qualitative and observational methodologies. The study methodology involves hierarchically overlapping multiple analyzes. Sampling in school selection was appropriate while classes were selected according to spatial sampling. The self-report questionnaires used are: The California School Climate and Safety Syrvey (CSCSS), Kessler-10 and Scale of Parenting Style (SPS). In addition, the qualitative House-Tree-Person (HTP) test and observation were used. 375 questionnaires were administered in 5 district 9-year schools. The mean age of the sample is (M = 14.2, SD = 1.33) among which 144 are boys (47.7%) and 210 girls (59.3%). SPSS software version 22.0 was used for data analysis. The analysis showed that students reported low levels of violence and forms of victimization. Quality tests and observation did not support these results. Reporting of school risk factors was low while the presence of firearms and drug use was noted. There were statistically significant relationships between the presence of violence, school atmosphere, psychological well-being, school victimization, family atmosphere, and parenting style. Situation and satisfaction in the family are predictors of the school atmosphere. It is noted that student recognition of rules increases with increasing responsiveness and accountability / control by both parents and vice versa and there is a strong relationship between knowledge of rules against violence and maternal accountability. The study recommends organizing meetings and seminars among psychologists, parents, teachers and / or students as well as longitudinal studies to look at changing factors related to school atmosphere, psychological well-being, perceived parenting styles, and violence by experts in the field. The recommendation relates specifically to schools in rural areas.