Event Title

Challenges and benefits of the European "Green Agenda" for participating countries

Session

Political Science

Description

The summits and agreements of the Western Balkan leaders precede the European Union Summit for the Western Balkans held in Zagreb (May 2020), where an Economic and Financial Plan approved by the European Commission was concluded. All this was the starting point of the "European Green Deal", which aims to make Europe's economy sustainable and climate-neutral by 2050. Beyond the political aspect, the "Berlin Process", as the forerunner of the summits, envisaged regional cooperation within the energy community for Southeast Europe, especially in terms of energy security, energy efficiency goals and climate protection. This cooperation is confirmed by the Sofia agreement (2019), which among other things approves the action plan for a common market in the region and the so-called "Green Agenda" where the emphasis falls on the field of environmental protection. Especially at the last Summit held in Tirana (June, 2021), through the European Commissioner for Enlargement, Oliver Varhelyi came the financial plan of 30 billion euros (9 billion euros in grants and 21 billion euros in loans), a key instrument that will help the countries of the Western Balkans recover in a post-pandemic era and work on socio-economic resilience.

In this paper through comparative analysis will be highlighted the main challenges in the implementation of the agreement and its benefits by the participating states, concluding that to facilitate this process and make the benefit of these agreements more effective, a national plan should be drafted for the implementation of the "Green Agenda" and to form a body both within the state and interstate, which would coordinate the processes related to the implementation of the agenda.

Keywords:

Green Agenda; Environmental protection; Summits; Western Balkan

Proceedings Editor

Edmond Hajrizi

ISBN

978-9951-550-47-5

Location

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

Start Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

End Date

30-10-2021 12:00 AM

DOI

10.33107/ubt-ic.2021.266

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Oct 30th, 12:00 AM Oct 30th, 12:00 AM

Challenges and benefits of the European "Green Agenda" for participating countries

UBT Kampus, Lipjan

The summits and agreements of the Western Balkan leaders precede the European Union Summit for the Western Balkans held in Zagreb (May 2020), where an Economic and Financial Plan approved by the European Commission was concluded. All this was the starting point of the "European Green Deal", which aims to make Europe's economy sustainable and climate-neutral by 2050. Beyond the political aspect, the "Berlin Process", as the forerunner of the summits, envisaged regional cooperation within the energy community for Southeast Europe, especially in terms of energy security, energy efficiency goals and climate protection. This cooperation is confirmed by the Sofia agreement (2019), which among other things approves the action plan for a common market in the region and the so-called "Green Agenda" where the emphasis falls on the field of environmental protection. Especially at the last Summit held in Tirana (June, 2021), through the European Commissioner for Enlargement, Oliver Varhelyi came the financial plan of 30 billion euros (9 billion euros in grants and 21 billion euros in loans), a key instrument that will help the countries of the Western Balkans recover in a post-pandemic era and work on socio-economic resilience.

In this paper through comparative analysis will be highlighted the main challenges in the implementation of the agreement and its benefits by the participating states, concluding that to facilitate this process and make the benefit of these agreements more effective, a national plan should be drafted for the implementation of the "Green Agenda" and to form a body both within the state and interstate, which would coordinate the processes related to the implementation of the agenda.